CN 3-31-11

CN 3-31-11 - 3/31/11 World History: The Third International...

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3/31/11 World History: The Third International Origins The World War o Many people particularly by later stages of the world viewed the first world war as a failure of the socialist movement o Before the War began, many people believed there could not be another war between the first great powers as socialist movement could prevent one through a strike When war appeared imminent the working class of the great countries would go on strike There could be no war Could be coordinated as socialist parties unlike other parties had an international organization o When war did happen socialist parties and working classes quickly fell into line behind their governments No anti-war movements of socialist parties or the working class o French socialist argued that conditions of worker would deteriorate if o Germany said real threat to Germany was autocracy of Russia o Each socialist party went with the tradition of identifying with their own nation Within a few days French socialists were shooting from trenches at other socialists o Caused people to question the utility What is the point of having international organization of the socialist party if in preventing war they proved so ineffective? If they immediately joined capitalist war o There were a few exceptions Bolshevik faction Led by Lenin
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Lenin was a revolutionary defeatist After evaluating the situation he came to the conclusion that best hope of Russia’s revolution would be as Russia’s defeat At the time he was an exile in Switzerland Few socialists hoped their country lost but he did Meanwhile war was not going well for Russia surprise Lost Ruso-Japanese war Post war there was a burst in reform of military Their army was very large Steamroller theory Russians can just keep coming wave after wave eventually destroying Germans by sheer numbers and going to Berlin Not very effective Superior german leadership made short work driving Russians through German soil from which they would not return Russia now on defensive for most of war o Discredit of the Russian Czar Czarina was German. People began to question loyalty of czarist family to Russian cause o Revolution of the same forces that had been prominent in 1805 Led by liberals from m.c. and nobility o 1905- fire on crowds o 1917- no fire on crowds Czar abdicates Run by care-taker government (Provisional government) Not meant to be permanent government Alexander Kerenzki is best known leader middle class liberal lawyer who had been active in constitituional politics Challenges:
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Russia still at war. Still losing o P. gov believed war needed to be carried on German demands for peace would be too high If Russia surrendered and then allies won anyway Russia would have no seat at the table Afraid British and French would call in their loans Ordinary Russian soldier had had it. o
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CN 3-31-11 - 3/31/11 World History: The Third International...

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