CN 4-12-11

CN 4-12-11 - World History Cold War Definition There were...

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4/12/11 World History: Cold War Definition There were numerous “Hot” conflicts in the Cold war o EX: Soviet Invasion of Aghanistan, the Korean war, the Vietnam war o Conflicts where the USSR and the US conflicted using proxis What makes the cold war “cold” is that the US and the USSR never confronted each other formally Reshaped global politics o First truly global political conflict o Provided a frame work for international politics in which a wide variety of events could be fitted It was easy in some cases: the Vietnam war was a conflict between the US and the Communist regime in Vietnam A lot of other things fit into the Cold war conflict The Israel and Palestinian war interpreted into a cold war frame work, Egypt= ally of Soviets, Israel= ally of West When Egypt signs on to be a Western ally it’s considered a US victory in the Cold war o Anything can be put into this cold war framework It made the world a bit simlier The Bomb Kept the cold war “cold” It was a new thing in warfare Takes place in context of the bombing of WWII o Often forgotten that Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs were not the most lethal attacks in the war or even in Japan o Took a while for people to realize that this bomb was something new
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It usually involved thousands of bombs and plans But this was one city, one bomb It was the beginning 1949- Soviets develop their bomb o With help from espionage from Western progress 1952- US creates Hydrogen Bomb o Could last for millennia 1953- the Soviets get their Hydrogen Bomb J Robert Alpenheimer- said “I have become death, the destroyer of worlds” People reached for apocalyptic language to describe the bomb o Before the bomb it was something that was going to be done to us apocalyptic o But now we don’t need God to destroy the world, we can do it ourselves Assumption by US and Soviet leaders is that the conflict between powers could lead to destruction of the world and there was no point in really fighting Mutually Assured Destruction o Assumption was that neither the USSR or the US were crazy o Both US and Soviet leadership tried to marginalize those political leaders who believed that nuclear attacks were alright War with conventional weapons between the USSR and the US would have been insanely bloody o But we were just too scared to fight otherwise Enormous cultural effect o Literature fo 50’s and 60’s there is a lot of stuff that gets written about Nuclear war The Communist World Communism in Eastern Europe o Cominturn- abolished in 1943 However communism was coordinated through Moscow
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Expansion of the communist world through the USSR takes place in two steps o Communism in Eastern Europe and tehn China o Soviets take advantage of the fact that they occupy a lot of Eastern Europe and set up communist regimes Poland is communist, East Germany is communist, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course PSC 1001 taught by Professor Dickson during the Spring '11 term at GWU.

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CN 4-12-11 - World History Cold War Definition There were...

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