ANTH 1002 1-26-11

ANTH 1002 1-26-11 - 1/26/11 SociologicalAnthropology:

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1/26/11 Sociological Anthropology:  It wasn’t until 1804 until any Anthropology department was established in England. Even if that was the first  date we see anthropology as a word appearing a lot of what early explores were doing would count as  Anthropology Herodotus talked about the Pygmies who lived south of the Sudan Explorers who encountered those different that them commented on the customs of different peoples o They weren’t necessarily good anthropologists but they were doing different descriptions of different  civilization When they looked at other civilizations they brought with them a bias view of society In late 1700s England they depict non-westerners as savages o Viewed savages as a representation of the way they  used  to be o Sometimes as a kind of degenerative form and sometimes as an idealized form Early stage of development of human kind Basis of comparative method, really Degenerationism Offers a biblically based view of cultural diversity In this view there is a unity of mankind- psychic unity, physical unity o Tower of Babylon o When God destroys tower there is a degeneration of that pure form Savages are then the degenerative descendents of Noah o Or in view of Garden of Eden we all degenerated except for Italians  We affirmed the idea of degeneration because we found objects that were more primitive o Found artifacts from Greek and Roman civilizations which they thought were more primitive o They also saw things like the Parthenon, Lyons gate at Mycenae they seem much more advanced than what  the Europeans have Either we are degenerated from something higher or we are advanced from something lower Anthropological view of John Locke’s basic theory Decline in this notion of Degenerationism near end of Enlightenment
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course ANTH 1002 taught by Professor Grinker during the Spring '11 term at GWU.

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ANTH 1002 1-26-11 - 1/26/11 SociologicalAnthropology:

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