Ch4 Study Guide

Ch4 Study Guide - Chapter 4: Prokaryotic Cell Structure and...

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Chapter 4: Prokaryotic Cell Structure and Function Cell Morphology Cocci Bacilli Spirilla, spirochete (what’s the difference?) Pleomorphic Appendaged, mycelial Cell Arrangements Individual cells Diplo- Strepto- Staphylo- Tetrads Sarcina Cell Envelope: matching picture could be on the test For most of the structures listed under “Prokaryotic Cell Organization,” you’re just going to need to go through the Powerpoint and memorize individual functions. However, I will add information that I find particularly important on this study guide. Cell Envelope: Plasma Membrane (PM) AKA Cell Membrane (CM) For prokaryotic PMs, hopanoids are used for stability; for eukaryotic membranes, sterols are used for stability Why do archaea have branched chain hydrocarbons attached to glycerol by ether links and not ester links? What are the 4 functions of prokaryotic CMs that are NOT functions of eukaryotic CMs? Cell Envelope: Cell Wall What are 4 functions of a bacterial cell wall? What is the difference between plasmolysis and osmotic lysis? Transpeptidation reaction: o Function: increase strength and rigidity of peptidoglycan (AKA murein) Prokaryotic Cell Organization Internal Structures Cytoplasm
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This note was uploaded on 09/10/2011 for the course MIBO 3000 taught by Professor Shearer during the Spring '11 term at UGA.

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Ch4 Study Guide - Chapter 4: Prokaryotic Cell Structure and...

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