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MIBO3000 SG15 - Fungi(have their own kingdom 4 major groups...

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Fungi (have their own kingdom) 4 major groups: Chytrids, Zygomycetes, Ascomycetes , Basidiomycetes Most obligate aerobes Most mycelial chemoheterotrophs Mycelium: branched network of hyphae enclosed w/in rigid CW made of chitin Most saprophytic (similar to pseudomonads) Ascomycetes: Many produce macroscopic fruiting bodies (mushrooms) Spores formed inside an ascus Some unicellular: yeast (reproduction asexual— budding/binary fission) Both yeasts and mycelial ascomycetes form ascospores  by sexual reproduction Basidiomycetes: Majority of observed mushrooms Uninucleate mycelium Principal characteristic is the mechanism of formation of haploid spores during sexual reproduction Basidiospores form from a tip cell called a basidium Clamp connections are characteristic Protozoa: Diplomonads Aerotolerant anaerobes Most inhabit animal GI tract Lack a CW of defined pellicle Lack Golgi body and mitochondria
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