Define key terms
The EEOC, or Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, is an agency of the Federal
Government designed to enforce the laws that prohibit discrimination in the workplace.
reasons for investigation include discrimination based on race, gender, nationality, age (over 40),
The commission was founded under the legal mandate set forth by the Civil
Rights Act of 1964.
However, their jurisdiction has been expanded to the current commission by
the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
amendment(who, what, when, where, why, How)
Amendment was placed into law on December 6, 1865 after being passed by the Senate
and House of Representatives the previous year.
The idea of the 13
Amendment original came
from Abraham Lincoln, although he would sadly not live to see its passing.
Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation during the Civil War to emancipate the slaves of
the seceded slaves, he became concerned that the Emancipation Proclamation would be judged
as a temporary measure passed only because of the war.
Furthermore, a couple slave states did
not secede and were still allowed to own slaves.
The Amendment also gives Congress the power
to enforce the amendment.
The only case in which the amendment allows for slavery is in the
face of a criminal conviction (i.e. jail).
The amendment passed with overwhelming support since
all representatives of slave states no longer attended congressional sessions.
amendment actually contains four parts.
First, the amendment establishes the
Citizenship Clause, which broadly states that all those born or naturalized (made citizens) in the
United States are granted citizenship of both the United States and the state where they live.
Second, the amendment states that all citizens shall be counted in apportioning representation in
Congress, which would prevent the continued enforcement of the 3/5ths clause, which stated that
slaves would count as 3/5ths a person in apportioning land.
The only exception is non-taxed
Indians and those who committed certain crimes.
Third, it states that no person shall run for
Congress who fought in insurrection or rebellion to the Union without a 2/3rds approval by
Fourth, it states that the US is not liable to pay debts that aided the rebellion against
the United States.
The Due Process clause within the amendment clearly states that the states
must honor the Bill of Rights of the US Constitution.
The Equal Protection Clause states that