Legal Homework

Legal Homework - Jodi-Ann Barclay Kevin Hord Define key...

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Jodi-Ann Barclay Kevin Hord Define key terms 1. EEOC The EEOC, or Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, is an agency of the Federal Government designed to enforce the laws that prohibit discrimination in the workplace. The reasons for investigation include discrimination based on race, gender, nationality, age (over 40), and disability. The commission was founded under the legal mandate set forth by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. However, their jurisdiction has been expanded to the current commission by the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. 2. 13 th amendment(who, what, when, where, why, How) The 13 th Amendment was placed into law on December 6, 1865 after being passed by the Senate and House of Representatives the previous year. The idea of the 13 th Amendment original came from Abraham Lincoln, although he would sadly not live to see its passing. When President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation during the Civil War to emancipate the slaves of the seceded slaves, he became concerned that the Emancipation Proclamation would be judged as a temporary measure passed only because of the war. Furthermore, a couple slave states did not secede and were still allowed to own slaves. The Amendment also gives Congress the power to enforce the amendment. The only case in which the amendment allows for slavery is in the face of a criminal conviction (i.e. jail). The amendment passed with overwhelming support since all representatives of slave states no longer attended congressional sessions. 3. 14 th amendment(5W’s+H) The 14 th amendment actually contains four parts. First, the amendment establishes the Citizenship Clause, which broadly states that all those born or naturalized (made citizens) in the United States are granted citizenship of both the United States and the state where they live. Second, the amendment states that all citizens shall be counted in apportioning representation in Congress, which would prevent the continued enforcement of the 3/5ths clause, which stated that slaves would count as 3/5ths a person in apportioning land. The only exception is non-taxed Indians and those who committed certain crimes. Third, it states that no person shall run for Congress who fought in insurrection or rebellion to the Union without a 2/3rds approval by Congress. Fourth, it states that the US is not liable to pay debts that aided the rebellion against the United States. The Due Process clause within the amendment clearly states that the states must honor the Bill of Rights of the US Constitution. The Equal Protection Clause states that
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each state must provide equal protection to the citizens under its jurisdiction, which was designed to protect the new African American citizens. The bill was adopted into law July 9, 1868. The 14 th Amendment was proposed by Congress and not Abraham Lincoln, since Lincoln had already been assassinated. 4.
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Legal Homework - Jodi-Ann Barclay Kevin Hord Define key...

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