SOC 122 Notes

SOC 122 Notes - 8) Discuss the difference between an...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
8) Discuss the difference between an environmental policy approach that is based on risk assessment, risk management, and cost- benefit analysis and one that is based on the precautionary principle. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS Environmental Impact assessmentsare prescribed by law (National Environmental Policy Act of 1969) to be conducted for government projects and some private sector development projects. They involve basic cost-benefit and risk assessments. They are a decision making aid, but not a decision-making tool. Value costs and benefitsof using natural resources or the environment in different ways. Try to compare short-term benefits/costs with long- term/benefits/costs. Ronald Reagan in 1981 issues an Executive Order to subject all government regulations to cost-benefit analysis (except military expenditures!) Problem with cost-benefit analysis: Short-term private costs to special interests are much easier to quantify than long-term benefits to the environment. May raise ethical issues (pollution hot spots, environmental justice) Therefore costs of policy measurestend to dominate the debate. RISK MANAGEMENT / RISK ASSESMENT Risk assessment is about assigning risk probabilities to particular events. Risk management is about defining acceptable levels of risk. The EPA is mandated to evaluate and control all potentially hazardous chemicals used widely in insecticides and fungicides. The EPA has to justify regulatory measuresby using science-based, quantitative risk assessment, Triggering events that led to adoption of risk analysis in the early 1980:
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Toxic waste clean-up (Love Canal) Industrial pollution (decade-long exposure in the 50s, 60s, and 70s to asbestos -a silicate fiber used as fire retardant in construction and industrial processes –led to lung and other cancers in millions of American workers. In 1976, the Congress passed the Toxic Substances Control Act
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course ENGLISH 132 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at UCSB.

Page1 / 5

SOC 122 Notes - 8) Discuss the difference between an...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online