1C_Lecture_22

1C_Lecture_22 - Simple Organic Molecules Shapes of Cylic...

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Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules Simple Organic Molecules 1 Shapes of Cylic Hyrodocarbons Carbon atoms in cycloalkanes are sp 3 hybridized therefore the ideal C-C bond angle is 109.5˚. Cyclopropane Bond Angle: ~60˚ Cyclobutane Bond Angle: ~90˚ Cyclopentane Bond Angle: 108˚ Flat Bond Angle: 120˚ Bent Bond Angle: ~109.5˚ Cyclohexane
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Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules Simple Organic Molecules Aromatics: A compound that includes a benzene ring as part of its structure Otho/Meta/Para 2 benzene toluene Ortho Meta Para Note: The ortho/meta/para notation can be used for any ring structure but it is commonly used with aromatics. Note: Instead of showing the resonance structures for benzene, the symbol is used to represent benzene.
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Chapter 21: Organic and Biochemical Molecules Rules for Naming Aromatics Simple Organic Molecules 3 Note: The numbering of the carbons can be different for the same compound depending if you are using toluene or benzene as the root name. 1.
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1C_Lecture_22 - Simple Organic Molecules Shapes of Cylic...

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