20._Guest_Lecture_Slides_For_Notetaking (ONLY DO WORKSHEET)

20._Guest_Lecture_Slides_For_Notetaking (ONLY DO WORKSHEET)...

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9/1/2010 1 Human Mate Preferences Zach Simmons Evolutionary Psychology Approach to psychology that holds that the mind has been designed by natural selection (evolution) to do certain types of things As different physiological adaptations are needed for different probs: Eyes/visual system Digestive system Circulatory system ...the mind should also be made up a collection of psychological mechanisms designed to solve different problems Evolutionary Psychology These psychological mechanisms should have evolved to solve adaptive problems Recurrent through evolutionary time Fitness-relevant (replication of genes) Reproduction Food selection Mate choice Spatial navigation Cooperative actions and many more…
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9/1/2010 2 Mate preferences Selection of mates that possess certain characteristics lead to (probabilistically) more successful offspring, relative to other mates These preferences need not be cognitively penetrable Knowledge of characteristics Desire for such characteristics Sex differences in mate preferences In humans, males and females faced a different (though often overlapping) set of adaptive problems This had led to differences in the characteristics preferred by each sex in prospective mates These preferences are specific only to humans; different species face unique adaptive problems, and are expected to have evolved their own patterns of mate preferences Sex differences in mate preferences In humans, expect many preferences to be common to both sexes: Kindness Intelligence Etc. Expect males to differentially prefer females who are: Younger Physically attractive Expect females to differentially prefer males who are: Older In command (or likely to command) resources
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9/1/2010 3 Male preferences Youth and physical attractiveness are good predictors of female fertility If human males are selecting long-term partners, it is critical that they choose wisely Males who identify the highest fertility partners will have more offspring on average; over evolutionary time, this preference will outcompete others Female preferences Human males provide investment and parental care
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20._Guest_Lecture_Slides_For_Notetaking (ONLY DO WORKSHEET)...

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