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Close relationships Part II

Close relationships Part II - Close Relationships Part 2...

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Close Relationships Part 2: Love and Relationship Processes PSY 102: Social Psychology Instructor: Courtney Gosnell
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Outline Love Attachment Theory Self-Expansion Model Investment Model Social Support
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Understanding various types of loving relationships Love
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Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love Three components of love: Intimacy : feelings of warmth and closeness (emotional component) Passion : physical arousal and desire (motivational component) Commitment : decision to stay in relationship and work to maintain it (cognitive component)
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5 I P C Consummate Love I P C Companionate Love
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Types of Relationships Intimacy Passion Commit- ment Nonlove Low Low Low Liking High Low Low Infatuated Love Low High Low Empty Love Low Low High Romantic Love High High Low Companionate Love High Low High Fatuous Love Low High High Consummate Love High High High 6
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Passionate Love 7 “State of intense longing for union with another” (Hatfield) Two factors of love (Hatfield & Berscheid) physiological arousal the belief that the other person caused arousal Based on two-factor theory of emotions Arousal x Label = Emotion Can lead to Misattributions
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Companionate Love 8 Combination of Intimacy & Commitment Measurement Rubin’s Liking Scale “My partner is one of the most likeable people I know” “My partner is the sort of person that I would like to be.”
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Love over Time Passionate love tends to decline over time fantasy, novelty and arousal decline although for some it does NOT Strong companionate love is a feature of stable marriages Companionate love more stable over time Evidence that strong and steady companionate love in the first two years of marriage negatively predicts divorce rate
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Companionate Love and marriage (Huston, et al., 2001) 10 Love
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Actual Changes versus Perception of Change (Sprecher, 1999) 101 dating couples followed for four years 60 broke up, 41 stayed together Provided 5 assessments: Current feelings of love Estimations of how their feelings had changed over the last year, if at all (decreased, same, increased)
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I love you more today than yesterday (Sprecher, 1999) Actual change was not significant across any of the time points Perceived change of intact couples: “increased” Perceived change of breakup couples: “decreased” Happier couples perceived more change than less happy couples
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Understanding individual dynamics brought into relationships Attachment Theory
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Individual Differences in Love: Attachment Styles Individual differences in love Early experiences with primary caregiver influence orientations to close relationships in adulthood
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____ A. It is easy for me to become emotionally close to others. I am
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