Prejudice and Discrimination I

Prejudice and Discrimination I - Prejudice & Discrimination...

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Prejudice & Discrimination PSY 102: Social Psychology Instructor: Courtney Gosnell
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Outline Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination Overview Stereotype Threat How Stereotypes/Prejudice Develop Realistic Conflict Theory Frustration--Aggression Theory Social Identity Theory Cognitive Misers Existing social structures Reducing Stereotypes and Prejudice Stigma
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Intergroup Relations (Brewer) Partition social world into ingroups and outgroups Primacy of ingroup identification Outgroup prejudice
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Stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination ABC’s Affect Behavior Cognition
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Stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination Prejudice (A) Hostile or negative attitude toward a distinguishable group of people, based solely on their group membership
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Stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination Discrimination (B) Unjustified negative or harmful action toward a member of a group because of his or her membership in that group
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Stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination Stereotype (C) Belief about the personal attributes of a group of people whereby most/all the people in that group are thought to possess those attributes Problems arise when they are: Overgeneralized Inaccurate and/or exaggerated Inflexible to contrary information
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Varieties of stereotypes Gender Race Ethnicity Age Sexual orientation Religion Class Weight
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Stereotypes as Schemas Stereotypes: schemas applied to social groups, such as a fraternity, gender, or race. Most often studied stereotypes is for African-Americans, women Recall that schemas influence what information we pay attention to and how we interpret information
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Amadou Diallo The death of Amadou Diallo, February 4, 1999. Amadou Diallo was an unarmed African American Shot 19 times by four police officers who fired a total of 41 shots Diallo was reaching into his back pocket when police opened fire. Would the officers have given Diallo more time to show whether he was dangerous if he was white?
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Errors made in “shooting” game (Correll, Park, Judd, & Wittenbrink, 2002) Video game: task is to “shoot” target if holding a weapon. Don’t shoot if holding something else, given .5 second to choose ½ targets white, ½ black; ½ holding weapons, ½ not
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Errors made in “shooting” game Video game: task is to “shoot” target if holding a weapon. Don’t shoot if holding something else, given .5 second to choose ½ targets white, ½ black; ½ holding weapons, ½ not
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Attributional biases can perpetuate stereotypes. Fundamental attribution error revisited. If expectations are violated, more likely to
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course PSY 102 taught by Professor Klein during the Spring '10 term at UCSB.

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Prejudice and Discrimination I - Prejudice & Discrimination...

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