Social Self Part I

Social Self Part I - THE SOCIAL SELF PSY 102: Social...

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THE SOCIAL SELF Instructor: Courtney Gosnell PSY 102: Social Psychology
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Outline Conceptualizations of “the self” Functions of the self Knowing the self Maintaining positive self views Self and relations with others
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I am…. On a separate sheet of paper, fill in this sentence 20 times. We’ll come back to this… Save a copy of this through at least the next 3 lectures!
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Conceptualizations of the Self
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What is the Self? According to William James… Self as I (knower) Self as me (known) Material me: body, family, name, property Social me: recognition from others Spiritual me: entire collection of states of consciousness, dispositions
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Baumeister’s 3 Roots of Selfhood Reflexive Consciousness Conscious attention turning back on its own source Interpersonal Aspect Tools for relating to others Executive Function Agent/controller/origin
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Self-Discrepancy Theory (Higgins) Actual Self Ought Self Feel guilty/ fear punishment if don’t reach Prevention focus Ideal Self Feel sad/dissappointed if don’t reach Promotion focus
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Functions of the Self
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Functions of the Self Organizational function: Schemas: mental structures that organize information. Networks of associations Influence what we notice, think about, remember, etc. Self-schemas
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Self-Schemas Generalizations I am a wife; I am female; I am a amateur photographer; I am a die-hard Clemson football fan Specific Facts I have 2 bunnies (Brer & Delilah); I am a graduate student at UCSB ; my family dog is a bulldog(Stella); I grew up in Texas Specific Events I watched the Clemson-USC game last year; I took photos on my last trip to Northern California; I will spend time this weekend with my husband
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Self-Schemas Self-schemas are cognitive representations about the self, derived from past experience, that organize and guide the processing of self-related information in the individual’s social experiences Traits on which people rate themselves highly, without contradiction, and as important Self-Concept is the sum total of the self-schemas Working Self-concept
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Facebook: a modern attempt to share our self-schemas? Help us define our self- concept?
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Self-Complexity How many ways did you answer the I am statements? Were you responses all pretty similar or diverse? Trait sorting Complex self-concepts: demonstrably less moody, life events have less global impact (compartmentalize), less depression
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Identity Complexity Number of social identities Identity complexity buffers against stress Tolerance for ambiguity But… more on this in the group section of this class!
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Demo Follow the instructions! Each side of the room is going to do a
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course PSY 102 taught by Professor Klein during the Spring '10 term at UCSB.

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Social Self Part I - THE SOCIAL SELF PSY 102: Social...

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