Social Self Part II

Social Self Part II - THE SOCIAL SELF PSY 102 Social...

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THE SOCIAL SELF Instructor: Courtney Gosnell PSY 102: Social Psychology
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Outline Conceptualizations of “the self” Functions of the self Knowing the self Maintaining positive self views Self and relations with others
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Observing our own behavior Self-perception theory (Bem): When a feeling or thought (e.g., attitude) is ambiguous, we infer it by observing our behavior in the situation in which it occurs What kind of music do I like?
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Observing our own behavior Intrinsic motivation: desire to engage in activity because it is enjoyed Extrinsic motivation: desire to engage in activity for rewards or pressures
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Felt Tip Pen Study (Lepper et al., 1973) Nursery school kids who loved felt tip pens 3 conditions: expected award, unexpected award, no award Weeks later: free-choice play period (no award expectations)
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“I remember that the game [of basketball] lost some of its magical qualities for me once I thought seriously about playing for a living.” Bill Russell, 1979
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Observing our own behavior Intrinsic motivation: desire to engage in activity because it is enjoyed Extrinsic motivation: desire to engage in activity for rewards or pressures Overjustification Effect: When there are compelling extrinsic reasons for a behavior, people underestimate intrinsic reasons
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Introspection Simply looking inward People do not think about themselves as often as you might think Self-awareness theory When focus attention on self, we evaluate behavior against internal standards and values (i.e., self-concept)
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Self-Awareness Theory (Duval & Wicklund) We become self-conscious; objective, judgmental observers of ourselves If behavior matches internal standards-great If behavior does not match internal standards we become uncomfortable; Change/undo behavior Stop being self-aware When more self-aware, attitude-behavior link stronger Mirrors increase self-awareness, alcohol decreases it
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Introspection It is difficult to introspect why we feel a certain way. We are often unaware of the thought processes going on in our head (automaticity) We are usually able to come up with an explanation This explanation is usually based on our own causal theories Feel like we’re introspecting but really just make best guess based on plausability of cause
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How do we come to know ourselves? Introspection People sometimes think something affects their behavior when it does not. People sometimes overlook something that does affect their behavior. Not always bad…we are better at understanding our well-reasoned behavior and identifying conspicuous influence Problem is we do not know when we do not know
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Nisbett & Wilson, 1977
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Introspection Predicting our future behavior Please close your eyes and imagine yourself in this following scenario: Would you a) say something b) ignore it or wait to see how others react
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Introspection Swim & Hyer (1997) found that when predicting their behavior women chose:
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