lecture10 Language

Lecture10 Language - Psych 123 Cognitive Neuroscience Lecture 10 Language The Special Nature of Language German Coast Guard Training Is language

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The Special Nature of Language German Coast Guard Training Lecture 10: Language Psych 123 Cognitive Neuroscience
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Is language learned or are we born with a specific capacity for language? Evidence that we are born with the capacity to acquire language (LASS: language acquisition support system) (LAD: language acquisition device) Developmental studies Animal studies Patient studies Brain Models of Language Origin of Language
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Universal Grammar: principles of grammar that are universal to all languages and rules that explain language acquisition in child development. 1. Rapid growth in vocabulary 2. Learning theory not enough 3. Discrimination of speech sounds 4. Develops in predictable fashion 5. Universal syntax 6. Develops regardless of environment 7. Certain critical periods
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Critical period in language acquisition Ramu appears to have been reared by wolves until he was 9. He learned to bathe and dress himself, but he never learned to speak.
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Can animals be taught a language? “hug” “apple”
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An internet chat with Koko the gorilla AOL: AOL chat facilitator Penny: Dr Penny Patterson, the gorilla trainer and founder of The Gorilla Foundation Koko: the gorilla
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Penny: You want to hear? . . . OK. Koko is ready. AOL: Welcome, Dr Patterson and Koko, we’re so happy you’re hear! Penny: They said ‘Welcome.’ . . . That was me actually. I’m translating for her . . . I gave Koko an explanation of what we’re doing and she said ‘Good hear.’ Koko pulls Penny close and kisses her cheek. Koko: Pink this. (Grasping Penny’s shirt sleeve.) Penny: She’s just signed ‘pink’ and she’s looking . . . Koko: Pink this pink. (Indicating Penny’s shirt sleeve.)
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course PSY 123 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at UCSB.

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Lecture10 Language - Psych 123 Cognitive Neuroscience Lecture 10 Language The Special Nature of Language German Coast Guard Training Is language

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