EMBI Lectures

EMBI Lectures - EBMI Improving Health w information Goals Broad overview of Biomedical Informatics Emphasis on aspects relevant to healthcare

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EBMI – Improving Health w/ information Goals: - Broad overview of Biomedical Informatics - Emphasis on aspects relevant to healthcare providers o How technology is affecting how providers get and use medical information - Describe some current issues within field - Encourage you to get involved in projects Outline: - What is Biomedical Informatics? - Short review of history - Healthcare information map - A few important domains: Bioinformatics, Imaging, Clinical, Consumer Health, Public Health - Wrap-up Biomedical Informatics No universally accepted definition (no concensus) AMIA (informatics association): …applies principles of computer and information science to the advancement of life sciences research, health professions education, public health, and patient care. ****Biomedical informatics is the application of the science of information as data plus meaning to problems of biomedical interest. (Bernstam. J Biomed Inform . 2010.) Important to focus on information, rather than technology. Technology Benefits Not Automatic - Examples of why we shouldn’t focus on technology: - *must look at the problems that the technology might create more problem - You need to look at what information the system will provide History - Health information technology for economic and clinical health act o To adopt the EMR to move our field forward - Terminology: o Bio-informatics: molecule and cells o Imaging informatics: Tissue and organs (radiology/pathology) o Clinical informatics: individual (patients) o Public Health Informatics: population (large scale EPI studies) Organization: - As we increase remote care we will have more devices gather more information can be provided even if patients don’t come in to see providers Data Standards Required **the goal is to unite the area that do not communicate in our system Need common language to share/interpret data Connecting silos, islands, etc… Allows practices/institutions to change software vendors Encourages competition Data Standards (DO NOT MEMORIZE) ICD-9 and ICD-10 -- International Classification of Diseases HL7 --Health Level Seven International Messaging protocol SNOMED -- Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Medical concepts (findings, symptoms, procedures, etc) LOINC --Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes Lab and clinical test results DICOM --Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine Medical images o Our health systems/ islands do not communicate with each other! Health Information Exchange (HIE) Giving providers most current patient information at time of care Improving quality—more info is better Reducing cost—fewer redundant tests/evaluations Enable better epidemiologic studies What’s the Hold up? Technological
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2011 for the course PHARM HEM taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at UCSD.

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EMBI Lectures - EBMI Improving Health w information Goals Broad overview of Biomedical Informatics Emphasis on aspects relevant to healthcare

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