Petitioner Merits Brief

Petitioner Merits Brief - No. 07-290 IN THE Supreme Court...

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Unformatted text preview: No. 07-290 IN THE Supreme Court of the United States __________________________________________ DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA AND ADRIAN M. FENTY, MAYOR OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Petitioners , v. DICK ANTHONY HELLER, Respondent. __________________________________________ On Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ______________________________ BRIEF FOR PETITIONERS ______________________________ THOMAS C. GOLDSTEIN CHRISTOPHER M. EGLESON Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP 1333 New Hampshire Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 WALTER DELLINGER MATTHEW M. SHORS MARK S. DAVIES GEOFFREY M. WYATT OMelveny & Myers LLP 1625 Eye Street, NW Washington, DC 20006 LINDA SINGER Attorney General ALAN B. MORRISON Special Counsel to the Attorney General TODD S. KIM Solicitor General Counsel of Record DONNA M. MURASKY Deputy Solicitor General LUTZ ALEXANDER PRAGER Office of the Attorney General for the District of Columbia 441 Fourth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 (202) 724-6609 Attorneys for Petitioners QUESTION PRESENTED Whether the following provisionsD.C. Code 7-2502.02(a)(4), 22-4504(a), and 7-2507.02 violate the Second Amendment rights of individuals who are not affiliated with any state-regulated mili- tia, but who wish to keep handguns and other fire- arms for private use in their homes? ii PARTIES TO THE PROCEEDING Petitioners District of Columbia and Mayor Adrian M. Fenty were defendants-appellees below. Mayor Fenty was substituted automatically for the previous Mayor, Anthony A. Williams, under Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 43(c)(2). Respondent Dick Anthony Heller was the only plaintiff-appellant below held by the court of appeals to have standing. The other plaintiffs-appellants were Shelly Parker, Tom G. Palmer, Gillian St. Law- rence, Tracey Ambeau, and George Lyon. iii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page(s) QUESTION PRESENTED ...........................................i PARTIES TO THE PROCEEDINGS ..........................ii DECISIONS BELOW...................................................1 JURISDICTION...........................................................1 RELEVANT CONSTITUTIONAL AND STATUTORY PROVISIONS .......................................1 STATEMENT OF THE CASE.....................................3 SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT......................................8 ARGUMENT ..............................................................11 I. THE SECOND AMENDMENT PROTECTS ONLY MILITIA- RELATED FIREARM RIGHTS......................11 A. The Language Of The Entire Amendment Is Naturally Read To Protect The Keeping And Bearing Of Arms Only In Service Of A Well-Regulated Militia.................12 B. The Historical Context And Drafting History Of The Second Amendment Confirm The Fram- ers Military Purpose. ...........................22 II. THE SECOND AMENDMENT DOES NOT APPLY TO LAWS LIMITED TO THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA...................35 iv III. THE DISTRICTS REASONABLE GUN-CONTROL LAWS DO NOT INFRINGE THE RIGHT TO KEEP...
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Petitioner Merits Brief - No. 07-290 IN THE Supreme Court...

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