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English3BFinal - Carleton SzeTo Essay 3B Immigration HELPS...

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Carleton SzeTo Essay 3B Immigration HELPS the United States… Today, illegal immigration causes controversial stirs between the country of Mexico and the United States . Just the issue of immigration itself sets off many different points of view. Even though not all illegal immigrants are from Mexico, most of them who are currently living in the United States are Mexicans, which is why most of the controversies rise between Mexico and the United States. Many citizens of the United States do agree that the border between the two countries must be protected, but no one, even the current government, has done a thing about it. And even with other problems with immigration, such as the citizenship test and legalizing deserving immigrants, no one has done anything to improve the easily flawed system of the United States. First, the audience needs to know what kind of attributes make an immigrant “deserving.” In Choosing Immigrants, Making Citizens , Hiroshi Motomura explains that “second-order structure provides an illuminating structure for understanding immigration law choices, but its lessons apply more readily to some choices than other” (858). In order to understand the second-order structure entirely, one would need to know the principles of the first-order. Adam Cox and Eric Posner talk about immigration law concerning the first and second order of the law in their essay The Second-Order Structure of Immigration Law. “These differences lead states’ first-order policy preferences to diverge along three main dimensions: with respect to the quantity of immigrants, the type of immigrants, and the terms of admission” (Cox 814). In terms of quantity, “states can choose a range of numerical restrictions. At one extreme, a state permits no immigration; at the other extreme, a state permits unlimited immigration”
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SzeTo2 (814). Depending on the state and laws such as the Quota Law, immigrants have an inconsistent chance of immigrating into the United States. Adam Cox and Eric Posner continue to explain more about the first-order policy. In terms of the type of immigrants, they explain that “some states use the point system that favors applicants with desired characteristics. These typically include the ability to speak the native language, work skills, educational achievement, and propensity to obey the law” (816). And last but not least, when dealing with terms of admission: “At one extreme, a state may confer full citizenship on an immigrant; at the other extreme, a state may permanently deny an immigrant the legal incidents of citizenship” (817). Cox and Posner do a great job in helping the audience understand the details to these rules. Later, they also go into a great deal of explanation for further help the audience comprehend more about the laws. The second-order structure contains two parts: the substance and the procedure.
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course ENG 1113 taught by Professor Watkins during the Spring '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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English3BFinal - Carleton SzeTo Essay 3B Immigration HELPS...

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