General_Humanities_Exam_1 - GeneralHumanities Spring2009...

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General Humanities Spring 2009 Exam 1  Pre-History. 1. Define Prehistory. The study of history before the appearance of written records 2. Define Culture. The sum total of those things that people have invented, developed, and transmitted 3. Describe the Paleolithic Culture. The Paleolithic Culture was mainly the time when the first humans or hominid were on the earth. It was a time when these first humans were coming to the understanding of how to make crude tools to kill and prepare food and make things for themselves. During the period they evolved into Homo erectus, standing people, and made even more logical tools like axes and fire. 4. Describe the Neolithic Culture. The Neolithic Culture was a time when humans began to become more civilized. They domesticated animals, raised livestock, farmed plants, and even began to make a money system. 5. Describe the theories surrounding Stonehenge. What do you believe it represents? The theory is that is was a calendar, and frankly I believe that it was just that or it was a ritual ground. 6. Why is 4000 B.C. a new chapter in mankind’s history? It is a new chapter in mankind’s history because it was the time when what we call  civilization began. Things like a written system, metallurgy, and advanced tools like  wheeled carts began to surface.  7. Describe what happened on the following dates (taken from the pre-history chapter. You  may use some twice) 2,500,000 B.C  – first stone tools are utilized in east Africa 500,000 B.C. –  in china, homo erectus uses fire for domestic purposes 24,000 B.C.  – fish hooks and lines are utilized in Europe 20,000 B.C.  – bows and arrows are in use in north Africa and Spain; oil lamps, fueled by animal fat come into use 13,000 B.C.  – devices to hurl harpoons and appears are in use
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12, 000 B.C.   – Domesticated dogs appear 10,000 B.C.  – goats are domesticated; herding begins in Asia and Africa 8,000 B.C.   – clay tokens are used in Mesopotamia to tally goods 7,000 B.C.  – cloth is woven in Anatolia 5,000 B.C.  – crop irrigation is first employed in Mesopotamia 4500 B.C.  – sailboats are used in Mesopotamia 4200 B.C.  – the first known calendar is devised in Egypt 4000 B.C.  – copper ore are mined and smelted by the Egyptians; bricks are fired in Mesopotamia kilns 3600 B.C.  – bronze comes into use in Mesopotamia 3500 B.C.  – the plow, wheeled cart, potter’s wheel, tokens with pictographic impressions, fermentation processes for wine and beer are all introduced in Sumer 3100 B.C.  – cuneiform, the earliest known form of script, appears in Sumer; an early form of hieroglyphics appears in Egypt 3000 B.C.  – candles are manufactured in Egypt; cotton fabric is woven in India; Sumerian math evolves based on units of 60 2600 B.C.  – Imhotep produces the first known medical treatise 2600 B.C.  – a lost-wax method of bronze casting is used in east Mesopotamia
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General_Humanities_Exam_1 - GeneralHumanities Spring2009...

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