Test 1 - Test1 InfluencesontheConstitution

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Test 1 Influences on the Constitution Magna Carta-rule of law;rights of individuals, 1215, England Jean Jacques Rousseau- French Political Philosopher wrote a political essay, “Social Contract”: A contract  lists the rights and responsibilities of people and government. Contracts should exist between  people(society) and government,should be clear. Charles Montesquieu: French political philosopher wrote the “Spirit of the Laws”; essay which said in order  to keep the ‘spirit’ of the law or the goodness and virtue of the law, people and government must divide and  separate the law or power of government. (Separation of powers and checks and balances) Mayflower Compact-the right of “We the people”;  English Bill of Rights-1689- rights of the people versus government. Common Sense-anti-monarchy, written by Thomas Paine Leviathan: T.Hobbes, monarchs protect people if they are divine monarchs; monarchy is a good form of  government. John Locke: Two Treatises of Government: Natural rights-inalienable rights given by supernatural power,  God, not government, thus, government can’t take away that which it does not give. Life, liberty, property. Declaration of Independence: governments are instituted among men to secure certain inalienable rights,  that among them are life,liberty and the pursuit of happiness. T. Jefferson Iroquois Indians: Representative Council that was a governing body;Chief England’s History: Many concepts for Americans to consider. Virtual Representation versus Direct Represent Constitution: written versus unwritten Sovereignty: divided power  Fear of Strong Executive Government Articles of Confederation: not working, why? Constitutional Convention-1787- was to REVISE the Articles—Philadelphia, PA Mt. Vernon,1785 was the first attempt to meet and discuss needed changes in the Articles, about 5 people  attended; It was decided a meeting the following year would be at Annapolis, in which few attended. It was 
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then decided there would be a meeting in Philadelphia to revise the Articles.  Shay’s Rebellion: Daniel Shay was a farmer and a Revolutionary War Veteran. He and other Massachusetts’  farmers were losing their property and farms. Shay and his friends decided to take over the courts, thus,  delaying foreclosures of their farms. Then, they decided to try and take over an arsenal, in which the Militia  stopped them. Shay and those with him stood to lose their lives until George Washington spoke for Shay.  He said he was doing what all Patriots had recently done against the aggressive British Government.  The following months, many talked of the need to change the Articles because of economic woes and 
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2011 for the course GOVT 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at Oklahoma State.

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Test 1 - Test1 InfluencesontheConstitution

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