Exam One Review

Exam One Review - E XAM ONE REVIEW H istory Perspectives 13...

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EXAM ONE REVIEW 13 questions Definitions/eligibility criteria for: Intellectual Disability- Before 18, characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning (reasoning, learning, problem solving, learning quickly) and adaptive behavior (collection of conceptual, social, and practical skills that have been learned and performed by people in their everyday lives) Developmental Disability- mental or physical impairment or combination, manifested before 21 and likely to never end, life-long, individualized interdisciplinary services. Limitations in three of the following: self-care, learning, self-direction, economic self-sufficiency, language, mobility, independent living Developmental delay- birth- 8yrs all together 50% delay in at least one domain (physical, socioemotional, cognitive); Broad umbrella term (premature or a child with autism); educational category for IFSP’s and IEP’s Thorough understanding of the differences between ID, DD, and developmental delay person first language - A child WITH down’s syndrome social construction of disability - not stable across time and place, meaning comes from social and environmental factors Historical time periods and persons with I/DD Originally met with opposition by some family members for fear the funding for specialized care of persons with IDD would not be provided- 1970’s
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Persons with IDD were an object of ridicule often served as the court jester lack of distinction between the body and mind- Medieval Times Persons with IDD were seen as unable, unworthy, or unfit to contribute to society- Institutionalization Changes in broader society set the context for viewing disability as difference- Industrial Revolution Persons with IDD were subject to discrimination, segregation, persecution, and attempted eradication- Ancient Times Beginnings of Development 7 questions Terminology from fact sheets (genes, chromosomes, genome) Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is the chemical compound  that contains the instructions needed to develop and  direct the activities of nearly all living organisms. DNA molecules are made of two twisting, paired strands, often  referred to as a double helix. Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells. Each chromosome is made of  protein and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Passed from parents to offspring, DNA contains the specific  instructions that make each type of living creature unique. The constricted region of linear chromosomes is known as the centromere. Although this constriction is called the centromere,  it usually is not located exactly in the center of the chromosome and, in some cases, is located almost at the chromosome's  end. The regions on either side of the centromere are referred to as the chromosome's arms.
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Exam One Review - E XAM ONE REVIEW H istory Perspectives 13...

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