Exam Two Review

Exam Two Review - EXAM TWO REVIEW 40 multiple choice...

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EXAM TWO REVIEW 40 multiple choice questions (worth 2.5 points each) Autism Spectrum Disorders: 15 questions differences between high functioning Autism and Asperger syndrome o Delayed language development in people with autism but not in those with Asperger syndrome o Average or above average intellectual abilities in individuals with Asperger syndrome 3 questions from Temple Grandin video Similarities and differences between DSM-IV criteria and Autism Spectrum Disorders (e.g., Autism continuum): how these are used by professionals, challenges this presents to families
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Early intervention approaches for Autism o Lovass most well-known: data is quite impressive with 42% “recovery” o Begin in the preschool years (ages 2-4) o Intensive (20-40 hours per week for a minimum of 1 to 2 years) o Use of structured behavioral teaching principles (reinforcement, repetition, task analysis) o Comprehensive across developmental domains (social, language, play, academics, self-help, etc.) o Individualized for the child (build on strengths and intensive work on weaknesses) o Highly trained staff and parental involvement o Some inclusion with typically developing peers Diagnostic criteria for Autism DSM-IV: 3 broad categories Six symptoms with at least two from #1 as well as one from #2 and #3 1. Qualitative impairment in social interaction with at least 2 of these: Marked impairment in the use of nonverbal behaviors such as gaze, facial expression, body postures and gestures Failure to develop peer relations Lack of sharing events with others Lack of social or emotional reciprocity 2. Qualitative impairment in communication with 1 of the following: Delay or lack of spoken language Marked impairment to initiate or sustain conversation with others
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Lack of varied, spontaneous, make-believe play or social imitative play 3. Restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests and activities, as manifested by 1 of the following: Encompassing preoccupation with 1 or more stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest Inflexible adherence to specific nonfunctional routines or rituals Stereotyped and repetitive motor mannerisms Persistent preoccupation with parts of objects Behaviors associated with autism o Diagnostic Criteria includes: o Social Interaction Problems o Communication Impairments o Rituals and Sameness o Along with: o Symptoms occurring prior to age 3 o Disturbance is not better accounted for by Rett’s Disorder or Childhood Disintegrative Disorder Theories of etiology for Autism o Autism is NOT caused by bad parenting o Autism is a neurological disorder, but there is not a single, straightforward cause.
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Exam Two Review - EXAM TWO REVIEW 40 multiple choice...

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