final review (1) - P rofessional Skills test 20 40 pts...

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Professional Skills test 20- 40 pts 6 (10pts each) short answers- 60pts What are ready made programs? There are many ready made programs that have been developed to manage certain problems “The economics of prevention far outweigh the economics of rehabilitation Is it a treatment or a program? Clients are not all the same; they don’t come in with the “same” issues Outcome results don’t focus on the competency of the helper Manuals focus on problems and not opportunities Is this program useful to the client? Honor the unique nature of the client situation What are some examples of ready made programs? Prepare and enrich AA PTSD programs Depression programs What is client intertia (related to action and implantation) lecture of ACTION arrow movement we want them to move towards action Client Inertia: putting off action (reluctance) Passivity: failure to take responsibility; doing nothing; not responding; complacency; not working on little things that get in the way of bigger things Learned helplessness: “there is nothing I can do about this”; identify what is and what is not under client control; optimism can also be learned; optimists often live longer and enjoy greater success than pessimists, yet pessimists are better at predicting what is likely to happen; maybe hopeful realism is a better way to go Unconstructive self-talk: I can’t do this, This is too hard; I do not have what it takes; challenging these types of self defeating attitudes adds value
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Vicious cycles: at times, client plans and action fail to get them what they want, they lose self-worth, and become mired in guilt and depression Build self-efficacy step by step Interrupt the cycle Disorganization: no plan or strategy; no focus Clients get used to living in disorganization Unwillingness to get life in order Client inertia toward staying disorganized (sometimes it even works for the client)— leading to more disorganization Gain a picture of life without disorganization Incentives and rewards What are some reasons, mentioned by Egan, that clients do not change? There are many reasons why change happens or does not happen: Discipline and self-control issues Low commitment Weak self-efficacy Focusing on the difficulty of change and not the outcome Failure to cope with relapse Some clients need little assistance after the plan is set, some even after the plan is outlined do nothing; most clients fall between these two extremes Procrastination is a major deterrent to change!!!
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