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Unformatted text preview: Final Exam Review 48 Multiple Choice (1.5 points each) 7 Short Answer Questions can come from required readings, lectures, and in-class assignments Study Guide • Difference between a theory and a hypothesis o Theory- organize and explain a variety of specific facts or descriptions of behavior; generate new knowledge; grounded in actual data from prior research o Hypothesis- A statement that makes an assertion about what is true in a particular situation; often, a statement asserting that two or more variables are related to one another • Anonymity vs. confidentiality o Anonymity : guaranteed when neither the researchers nor the readers of the findings can identify a given response with a given respondent Can never occur in an interview survey or a longitudinal survey o Confidentiality : guaranteed when researcher can identify a given person’s responses but promises not to do so publicly. • IRB o Each institution that receives federal funds must have an IRB o Responsible for reviewing research at the institution o Must have at least 5 members o One member must be from outside the institution o All research conducted by students, faculty and staff must be reviewed o Exempt Research (no review needed) Research in which there is no risk of harm o Minimal Risk Research When the risk of harm is no greater that risk encountered in daily life or routine physical or psychological tests Routine review conducted by the IRB o Greater Than Minimal Risk Research Thorough review conducted by the IRB • Variables o Any event, situation, behavior, or individual characteristic that varies- that is, has at least two values o Operational Definition – a definition of the variable in terms of the operations or techniques the researcher uses to measure or manipulate it. o Positive Linear Relationship Increases in one variable relate to increases in another o Negative Linear Relationship Increases in one variable relative to decreases in another o Curvilinear Relationship Increases in one variable relative to both increases and decreases in another o No Relationship Correlation coefficient o Relationships and Reduction of Uncertainty • Reliability and Validity o Reliability- the degree to which a measure is consistent o Validity- Clarity – Are you measuring what you think you are measuring?...
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2011 for the course HDFS 3513 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at Oklahoma State.
- Fall '11