Literature Review: Stress and Relationship Satisfaction; Sleep and Positive and Negative
Each year over 30 percent of adults experience some amount of sleep loss
Heart Lung, 2003).
Getting just one hour less than the recommended 8 hours of sleep for adults
will have a big impact on a person the next day (National Heart Lung, 2003).
It is important to
understand why this sleep loss is occurring and what the ramifications of sleep loss are.
Better Sleep Council’s Sleep Statistics report that the top reason that Americans lose sleep is
from stress (“Sleep Statistics”, 2009).
Not only does stress affect sleep, but it also affects
relationship satisfaction (Cohan and Bradley, 1997).
Surprisingly, little is known about how loss
of sleep or adequate amounts of sleep affects relationship satisfaction.
Many lifestyles can create a sleepless or stressful environment.
For college students,
there are many major events, such as homecoming, midterms, finals, work, and late night
studying which can reduce the recommended 8 hours of sleep, sometimes all the way to 0 hours.
Taking this into consideration, college students are likely to be subjected to high stress, sleep
deprived environments; many of these students are in relationships.
Not only do college students
lose sleep, but new parents lose sleep due to their newborn baby that wakes up every few hours;
they as well are in high stress environments where sleep is a luxury.
There are also adults with
demanding, stressful jobs, such as lawyers, doctors, engineers, and teachers.
So many people in
America lose sleep, and yet so little research is done on its affect on relationship satisfaction.
order for Americans to improve their relationships, they need to understand the sources of their
low relationship satisfaction.
There are many fields of research that support the focus of stress as playing an important
role in relationship satisfaction. Recently, there are five studies that clearly show the association