final lit rev - Running Head: L ITERATURE REVIEW Literature...

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Running Head: LITERATURE REVIEW 1 Literature Review: Stress and Relationship Satisfaction; Sleep and Positive and Negative Affect Angela Cochrane Oklahoma State University
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LITERATURE REVIEW 2 Literature Review: Stress and Relationship Satisfaction; Sleep and Positive and Negative Affect Each year over 30 percent of adults experience some amount of sleep loss (National Heart Lung, 2003). Getting just one hour less than the recommended 8 hours of sleep for adults will have a big impact on a person the next day (National Heart Lung, 2003). It is important to understand why this sleep loss is occurring and what the ramifications of sleep loss are. The Better Sleep Council’s Sleep Statistics report that the top reason that Americans lose sleep is from stress (“Sleep Statistics”, 2009). Not only does stress affect sleep, but it also affects relationship satisfaction (Cohan and Bradley, 1997). Surprisingly, little is known about how loss of sleep or adequate amounts of sleep affects relationship satisfaction. Many lifestyles can create a sleepless or stressful environment. For college students, there are many major events, such as homecoming, midterms, finals, work, and late night studying which can reduce the recommended 8 hours of sleep, sometimes all the way to 0 hours. Taking this into consideration, college students are likely to be subjected to high stress, sleep deprived environments; many of these students are in relationships. Not only do college students lose sleep, but new parents lose sleep due to their newborn baby that wakes up every few hours; they as well are in high stress environments where sleep is a luxury. There are also adults with demanding, stressful jobs, such as lawyers, doctors, engineers, and teachers. So many people in America lose sleep, and yet so little research is done on its affect on relationship satisfaction. In order for Americans to improve their relationships, they need to understand the sources of their low relationship satisfaction. There are many fields of research that support the focus of stress as playing an important role in relationship satisfaction. Recently, there are five studies that clearly show the association
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LITERATURE REVIEW 3 between these two factors. Firstly, stress plays an important role in our lives. There are both natural levels of stress, and there are chronic levels of stress. Natural levels of stress are both healthy and good; however chronic levels of stress can lead to serious problems. Stress can come from different relationships, school, work , and various other places. Two recent studies illustrate the relationship between job stress and relationship satisfaction. Schulz, Brennan, and Cowan conducted a study measuring how coming home from work upset can affect marital satisfaction; however, this manifests differently in gender. In this study 42 married couples, all with at least one child, filled out questionnaires twice a day for three consecutive days (Schulz, Brennan, and Cowan, 2004, pg. 250).
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2011 for the course HDFS 3513 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at Oklahoma State.

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final lit rev - Running Head: L ITERATURE REVIEW Literature...

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