Dunst te al 2002

Dunst te al 2002 - Family-Oriented Program Models and...

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2002, Vol. 51, No. 3 221 Family-Oriented Program Models and Professional Helpgiving Practices* Carl J. Dunst, ** Kimberly Boyd, Carol M. Trivette, and Deborah W. Hamby The relationship between different models of family level interventions and two components of practitioner helpgiving (relational practices and participatory practices) was examined in two studies of parents of young children involved in different kinds of family oriented helpgiving programs. Relational and participatory aspects of helpgiving were found to be practiced less often in professionally centered programs compared to other kinds of family oriented programs. Participatory helpgiving practices that provided parents with (a) choices and options and (b) opportunities to be involved in both solutions to problems and acquisition of knowledge and skills that strengthen functioning were more likely to be found in programs that were family centered. Findings are discussed in terms of the importance of the models used to structure social and human services program practices. F amily-oriented approaches in social work, human services, and related fields are grounded in different conceptual and theoretical models that guide the ways in which interven- tions are conceptualized and implemented (e.g., Adams & Nel- son, 1995; Boss, Doherty, LaRossa, Schumm, & Steinmetz, 1993; Griffin & Greene, 1999; Pare, 1995). In the time since Hartman and Laird (1983) called for adoption of family centered social work practice, there has been burgeoning interest in op- erationalizing different family oriented models (e.g., Desai, 1997; Jung, 1996; Keith, 1995; McCroskey & Meezan, 1998; Nelson, Landsman, & Deutelbaum, 1990), and in developing measurement procedures that distinguish between similar but dif- ferent intervention paradigms (Booth & Cottone, 2000; Doherty, 1995; Dunst, in press). Program models in social and human services interventions guide not only how practitioners view the locus of and solutions to family problems, but also the roles that practitioners play in helping families improve their lives. For example, Laird (1995) described the kinds of practitioner behavior most associated with a family centered paradigm and articulated methods for discern- ing adherence to this approach to working with families (see also Adams & Nelson, 1995; Briar-Lawson, 1998). Similarly, Powell (1996) delineated six stages (roles) that practitioners play in im- plementing family centered practice, beginning with partnering with families and ending with joint reflection on achievements. The assertion that particular family oriented models engen- der different practitioner roles and behavior would lead one to expect that adoption of different models would be associated with different kinds of helpgiving practices. The purpose of the studies described here was to ascertain whether two components of helpgiving were differentially related to the type of family oriented program model used by different social or human ser- vices programs and agencies. Corroborating evidence from var- ious studies on the relationships between contrasting intervention
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Dunst te al 2002 - Family-Oriented Program Models and...

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