EE Week 3.docx - How do People Learn What is Learning To understand Learner has a cognitive map of a concept to o Retrieve information o Add information

EE Week 3.docx - How do People Learn What is Learning To...

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How do People Learn? What is Learning? To understand Learner has a cognitive map of a concept to: o Retrieve information o Add information o Problem solve Jean Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor (0-2 years) o Exploration through sensory and motor contact Preoperational (2-6 years) o Uses symbols to represent objects but doesn’t reason logically; plays pretend Concrete operational (7-12 years) o Thinks logically about concrete objects and understands conversations Formal operational (12 years-adult) o Can reason abstractly and think in hypothetical terms Brain-based Learning Attention o Goal-directed attention o Stimulus-driven attention Encoding o The brain processes sensory-emotional information o New knowledge attaches to old information (prior knowledge) Storage o Association strengthens our memory o Intensity influences memory o Repetition makes memories o Cortex and hippocampus are important for memory o Memories are imprinted during the sleep cycle Retrieval o Retrieval also strengthens memory o Organization of encoding influences retrieval
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