Terminology for Implants and Musculoskeletal System

Terminology for Implants and Musculoskeletal System - The...

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The Bionic Human(ME-GenEd 0844)-Homework #12 Terminology for Mechanics of the Musculoskeletal System Name:Lindsey McCormack Cortical bone is the type of bone that forms the outermost part of all bones. Its main components are called osteons or the Haversian systems. THe canals in this system contain the blood vessels and nerves in bones. Cancellous bone is a composite of calcified bone matrix and marrow. There is not an internal blood supply in this type of bone. They are arranged as trabecular rods and plates, which are the source of anisotropy. Trabeculae are what form cancellous bone. Many small spicules come together to form a net- work and are the main component of cancellous bone. Osteoblast is a type of bone cell that produces and secretes proteins that constitute the bone mat- rix and, as a result, mineralize the matrix. Osteoclast is a type of bone cell that is responsible for bone resorption. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the immune system attacks the tissue that lines the joints. The chemicals that are released in the process cause swelling.
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