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Unformatted text preview: Tim Kelly Kelly3tm 22138768 Biometrics FBI DNA Databases Policing From The Sky Biometrics hPp://www.biometrics.org/html/introducKon.html • According to biometrics.org, biometrics are an automated way of recognizing a person based on physiological or behavioral characterisKcs. • Biometric security can be used in home work staKons, web sign on, applicaKon logon and is helpful for data protecKon. • Law enforcement, government ID’s and secure online banking are beneﬁKng from this technology. • Biometric technology is helping to combat the increase in idenKty theO in recent years. hPp://usvisaoﬃce.com/images/about‐biometrics.jpg Biometrics For and Against For hPp://ntrg.cs.tcd.ie/undergrad/4ba2.02/biometrics/prosncons.html Against • The uniqueness of bio metrics makes t It the ideal candidate for authenKcaKon • Users are now unable to forget passwords 1. Biometric passwords are physical features unique To the user and will sKck with them for life • Security, It is much more diﬃcult to replicate a biometric feature than it is to replicate a password. • Storing biometric data can be Thought of as an invasion of privacy 1. The data in biometrics is more personal Than a simple password, and can be used NegaKvely • The technology is very expensive to install 1. According to hPp://ntrg.cs.tcd.ie/undergrad/4ba2.02/biometrics/prosncons.html the price return raKo of biometrics is not yet
saKsfactory FBI DNA Databases hPp://www.nyKmes.com/2009/04/19/us/19DNA.html • the Federal Bureau of InvesKgaKon will join 15 states that collect DNA samples from those awaiKng trial and will collect DNA from detained immigrants • The F.B.I., with a DNA database of 6.7 million proﬁles, expects to accelerate its growth rate from 80,000 new entries a year to 1.2 million by 2012 — a 15‐fold increase • The goal of the increase in DNA in FBI databases is to solve more crimes by comparing DNA in the database to DNA found in unsolved crime scenes hPp://www.Kcklethewire.com/wp‐content/uploads/
2009/06/istock_000002049412xsmall.jpg FBI DNA Databases , hPp://www.nyKmes.com/2009/04/19/us/19DNA.html, • According to the New York Times, “Law enforcement oﬃcials say that DNA extracKon upon arrest is no diﬀerent than ﬁngerprinKng at rouKne bookings and that states purge proﬁles aOer people are cleared of suspicion.” –
– This statement is supposed to comfort those whose DNA was taken It shows that the growing DNA databases will serve the same funcKon as the system of ﬁngerprints already in place • Also according to the New York Times, “The police say that the potenKal hazards of geneKc surveillance are worth it because it solves crimes and because DNA is more accurate than other physical evidence.” • The downside to DNA databases is that it can be seen as an invasion of privacy • People against a DNA database are concerned with the demographics of the system ‐ According to this New York Times arKcle, hPp://www.nyKmes.com/2009/04/19/us/19DNA.html, a House of Commons report, 27 percent of black people and 42 percent of black males are geneKcally registered, compared with 6 percent of white people. ‐ In my opinion, Problems of racial proﬁling and privacy outweigh the beneﬁts, especially if the new DNA Database system is requesKng DNA from the not yet convicted, or in other words innocent, and immigrants to this country Speeding Tickets From the Sky hPp://autos.aol.com/arKcle/police‐airplane‐radar/ 19 states, according to hPp://autos.aol.com/arKcle/police‐airplane‐radar/, have began to use aviaKon law enforcement. • According to the arKcle, it actually doesn’t involve radar. ‐ “it's a straighforward stopwatch Kme over distance equaKon that allows a pilot to work out whether a driver has broken the speed limit.” ‐ The pilot then radios the drivers informaKon to another oﬃcer who is waiKng on the ground to make the stop. • Also according to the arKcle, “seven Cessna ﬁxed‐wing aircraO operates in the skies above Florida.” • hPp://autos.aol.com/arKcle/police‐airplane‐radar/ Speeding Tickets From the Sky • It can be thought of as posiKve that speeders are being caught and Kcketed. ‐ According to hPp://autos.aol.com/arKcle/police‐airplane‐radar/, around 45,000 citaKons are given each year from aviaKon law enforcement in Florida alone. • The negaKve side of this technology is that we are being monitored constantly, not only by cameras, but now from the sky. ‐ The fact that a helicopter or plane from the sky can see our cars well enough to read our license plate and radio his cop buddies bothers me. ‐ The ability to read something as small as a license plate from the sky means that many more things are visible in clear resoluKon. ‐ This can lead to vast invasions of privacy if the government does not use the technology only for good, which they usually don’t. Bibliography • •
• Howie, Craig. "Cops In the Sky: How Police Use Airplanes To Catch You Without Radar." AOL Autos. AOL, 12/30/2010. Web. 29 Mar 2011. <hPp://autos.aol.com/arKcle/police‐airplane‐
radar/>. Moore, Solomon. "F.B.I. and States Vastly Expand DNA Databases ." New York Times 18 April 2009: n. pag. Web. 29 Mar 2011. <hPp://www.nyKmes.com/2009/04/19/us/19DNA.html>. "Pros and Cons of Biometrics." Pros and Cons of Biometrics. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar 2011. <hPp://ntrg.cs.tcd.ie/undergrad/4ba2.02/biometrics/prosncons.html>. "Biometrics." USA Visa Oﬃce. Web. 29 Mar 2011. <hPp://usvisaoﬃce.com/biometrics.htm>. "The Biometric ConsorKum: IntroducKon to Biometrics." The Biometric Consor?um. Biometric Consotrium, n.d. Web. 29 Mar 2011. <hPp://www.biometrics.org/html/
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2011 for the course CPS cps 100 taught by Professor Cregger during the Spring '11 term at Central Mich..
- Spring '11