ArtHist final - Early Christian(1st-5th century...

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Early Christian (1 st -5 th century), Jewish (3 rd -6 th century), and Byzantine (4 th -15 th century) Pendentive: the concave triangular section of a vault that forms the transition between a square or polygonal space and the circular base of a dome Narthex: the vestibule or entrance porch or a church Atrium: the open courtyard in front of a Christian church; or an entrance area in modern architecture Squinch: an arch or lintel built across the upper corners of a square space, allowing a circular or polygonal dome to be more securely set above the walls Basilica plan church: a large rectangular building. Often built with a clerestory, side aisles separated from the center nave by colonnades, and an apse at one or both ends. Central plan church: any structure designed with a primary central space surrounded by symmetrical areas on each side Conch dome: Naos/nave: the principal room in a temple or church/ the central space of a basilica, two or three stories high and usually flanked by aisles Sanctuary: a sacred or holy enclosure used for worship. In Christian architecture, the space around the altar in a church called the chancel or presbytery Icon: an image in any material representing a sacred figure or event in the Byzantine, and later in the Orthodox, Church. Islamic Art (7-16 th Century) Aniconic: a symbolic representation without images of human figures, very often found in Islamic art Hypostyle hall: a large interior room characterized by many closely spaced columns that support its roof Four-iwan mosque: a large, vaulted chamber in a mosque with a monumental arched opening on one side Central plan Horseshoe and ogival arches: Muqarnas: small nichelike components stacked in tiers to fill the transition between differing vertical and horizontal planes Mihrab: the place from which the call to prayer is announced? Qibla: the mosque wall oriented toward mecca indicated by the mihrab Early Medieval Art (6 th -11 th century) (Visigoth 6-7, Hiberno-Saxon 6-9, Viking 8-11, Carolingian 750-900, Ottonian 900-1000) Animal interlace: decoration made of interwoven animals or serpents, often found in Celtic and early medieval northern European art
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Romanesque Art (1050-1200) Reliquary: a container, often made of precious materials, used as a repository to protect and display sacred relics Ambulatory: the passage around the apse in a Basilican church or around the central space in a central-plan building Sanctuary: a sacred or holy enclosure used for worship. In Christian architecture, the
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