Anthropology 1001

Anthropology 1001 - Anthropology1001...

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Anthropology 1001     Intro into Physical Anthropology  13:54 Anthropology  Study of man kind Through ancestors through time and space Relative towards cultures, physical characteristics, social relations and ways  of life Bio cultural approach Interaction b/w biology and culture to understand evolution Holistic Draw from many different disciplines to study man kind Comparative discipline Comparing to find a better understanding Anthropological perspective  Avoid Ethnocentrism Strive for Cultural relativism All cultures have merits Four disciplines Linguistics o How words are form  o Differences
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o Non-writing o Body languages o Gender in languages M- problem solve F - social Cultural o The study of mankind through cultures or way of life o Learned behavior that is evolutionary and pasted down through  generations o Around 5000 distinct cultures in america Archaeology o Studying the past based on material remains of a culture o Excavation and analysis, very meticulous  o Specializations Urban Archaeobotany Zoo Bio Physical -oldest o study of mankind through the human body o studies human evolution and variation o combination of genetic and environment
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o studies osteology evolutionary primatology paleoanthropology bio archaeology forensics  osteology o study of bones o Evolution theory  Change in genetic sequence of a population over time History of Evolutionary thought Charles Darwin Non-constancy species Branching evolution  o Out of one species branches other species Change is gradual Mechanism is natural selection o Caused by the environment
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Common view of the middle ages Hierarchy o Great chain of being  o Order in the world from the lowliest to the most spiritual Stasis o Things don’t change Fixity of Species o God created everything as is Ideas started to change around renaissance with technology advances  exploration and diversity o Lead to advance in physics o Earth is not the center of the universe o Stars can change position o Laws of motion and gravity o Increase travel outside of Europe o Big job then was to be a naturalist Darwin’s influences John Ray o 1627-1705 o first to recognize species and genus
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Carolus Linnaeus o Binomial nomenclature System of grouping plants and animals o Taxonomy George Louis Leclere Buffon o Keeper of the kings gardens in France o Made observations based on influences of the environment o Species change in response to the environment Chevalier de Lamarck o French scholar
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Anthropology 1001 - Anthropology1001...

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