Amer. His. Chap. 7 Outline - CHAPTER 7 Articles of...

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CHAPTER 7 Articles of Confederation - 1781 Drafted by John Dickenson Reflect what people thought the role of a central government should be Foreign Relations Postal Services Regulate Trade Defense Legislative Branch only “States are joined together in a league of friendship.” Congress was composed of delegates from each state. Each state could send 2 - 7 delegates; each state only got 1 vote. Any change to the articles has to have consent of all 13 states. Every states adopts a new constitution, including bill of rights. State government could tax. Republic - “For the good of the people” Believed to only work in small units to avoid oppression Created state level republics for fear of large government Needs educated electrets to make the right decisions Only propertied classes were fit to participate Protesters said all men were created equal and if they were left out, they couldn’t pursue happiness. Two Chamber Assembly (State) Governor 1780 - Slavery prohibited in Pennsylvania Graduate Emancipation in the Northern States - When a slave reaches the age of 25, they are freed Thomas Jefferson said that the fear of slavery was what would happen if the slaves were freed “Wolf Ear” analogy 1781 - 1788 - Critical Period All of the weakness in the government become apparent Major Issues in the Critical Period Structural Inefficiency Votes had to be unanimous with one vote per state Finances Continental Congress was bankrupt; post-war depression Robert Morris Proposed 5% tax on all goods come into the country Bank of N. America; gave more control to the Federal government Western Lands (Northwest Territory) Ordinance of 1784 Territory can become a state when they get as many people of the smallest state Ordinance of 1785 Land must be surveyed before it can be settled (to prevent squatters); land would sell for a dollar per acre; townships had to be 2300 acres Ordinance of 1787 Divides land into five states Slavery was prohibited. Debtor Relief Legislation Allowed people to pay their taxes in installments Shay’s Rebellion - 1786 Lead by Daniel Shays in Massachusetts Demanded cheap paper money, debt relief, and suspension of foreclosures The rebellion closed court houses. Moved to Springfield, Massachusetts, where the Supreme Court was meeting 1200 farmers marched to the arsenal Militia opens fire and kills 12 people; the others fled
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This was the big eye opener about the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation This lead to a need for a strong, central government Annapolis Conference Purpose is to deal with taxes and interstate commerce No one really showed up (5 states); the convention was moved to the next year in Philadelphia, to discuss revising the articles of confederation Constitutional Convention- 1787 (Philadelphia) Every state showed up, except Rhode Island George Washington, Ben Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, & others came together to revise the Articles of Confederation. Notable people that did not show up for distrust reasons:
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2011 for the course HIST 2501 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Amer. His. Chap. 7 Outline - CHAPTER 7 Articles of...

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