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Religion in the Early Colonies

Religion in the Early Colonies - at the execution c...

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Religion in the Early Colonies 1) Briefly discuss Protestant Reformation a) John Calvin and Martin Luther b) Issues with Catholic Church i) John Tetzel, sold indulgences 2) Concepts of Protestantism a) Justification by Faith b) Priesthood of Believers i) Every person could be his/her own priest ii) People could ask God for forgiveness directly (1) Requires reading the Bible; easy after Luther translated it into German c) Brought extreme consequences for Europe 3) Came to America in the 17 th Century with early colonists 4) Puritans a) Settled in New England, Massachusetts Bay, and Plymouth b) After the English Reformation c) Calvinist, concept of predestination i) God has your plan all set, and there’s nothing you can do about it d) Compensatory church attendance e) John Winthrop’s “city on a hill” i) Model Christian community strived for 5) Witch Trials a) Salem, MA b) Economic and political reasons i) Accusers could take the property of the accused (1) Only went to the accused family if they did not protest at the execution
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Unformatted text preview: at the execution c) Literally believed in good and evil forces at work, God/Satan 6) TULIP a) Total Depravity: humans are hopelessly tainted with sin b) Unconditional Election: God will choose who to save and who to not c) Limited Atonement: Sacrifice of Christ to limit those elect d) Irrespirable Grace: nothing you can do to change how God sees you e) Perseverance of Saints: you can’t be unsaved 7) Covenant of Works a) Showing you’re elect by the work that you do; b) There can be signs that someone is elect 8) Pilgrims (Separatists) a) Moved to US in 1630 b) Congregational churches c) Unlike Puritans, had to hierarchy 9) Move away from Religion a) Later generations of Puritan children i) Halfway Covenant: any baptized member of the church could present a child for baptism ii) Marker of decline in religion 10)Puritans believed they were moving away from the issues they faced in England; in reality, they just created the same thing in a new place....
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