Amer. His. Study Guide 2 - T he Dawes Act When: 1887 Where:...

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The Dawes Act When: 1887 Where: Indian reservations Who: Congress passed What: purpose was to extend the rights of citizenship to the Indians. It broke up reservations and gave each Indian their own allotment of land (believed personal property would civilize them). Allowed those who accepted the land to be give citizenship. Any land not to Indian families could be sold to white settlers, Why: integrated white culture around the Indians. Reduced Indian lands from 138 million acres to 48 million. The surplus of land was opened to white settlement. Further destroyed Indian culture. Carpetbaggers and Scalawags When: 1870s Where: from north to south Who: carpetbaggers = northern migrants. Scalawags = native white southerner What: carpetbaggers = could pack all his belongings in a carpet sided suitcase and move south, looked at as greedy crooks who were just looking to steal money; the reality was that they were seeking better business opportunities in a warmer climate. Scalawags = who cooperated with northerners. Most had been yeomen farmers who were uneasy under the Confederacy, banded together with freedmen, didn't support race equality - just class equality. Why = Democrats turned to terrorism in order to drive people further from the Republican Party - scalawags were targeted for murder and assassination Grazing Wars and Barbed Wire When: barbed wire: 1873 Where: Texas Who: bw - Joseph Gilden; cattle herders and sheep herders What: cattle ranching became a big business in Texas and ranchers began closing in their lands to keep trespassing ranchers and cattle out of their fields. Rarely had the economic means to build fences, and barbed wire was cheap yet durable. Cattle herders and sheep herders were all after the same land and armed violence erupted. However, they could not take this to the courts, because it would be admitting that they were trespassing on federal lands. Why: eliminated cattle and sheep ranchers who had grazed their herds on the open range and forced small-time landowners who could not afford to buy barbed wire to sell out Henry Ford
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When: 1908 (Model T released) Where: Midwest Who: automobile manufacturer What: he was inspired by the internal combustion engine and experimented with a gasoline burning engine. Came up with a merchandising scheme to make automobiles available to the masses and used assembly lines to mass produce thousands of the same car. Created Ford Motor Company Why: Rising auto sales created more jobs, higher earnings, and more profits for related industries (oil, gas, paint, glass, and rubber) Sharecropping When: emerged in 1865 Where: south, on plantations Who: freedmen, planters What: blacks rented the land because they often lacked the funds to purchase. Farmers allowed blacks to live on their land and work the fields. Farmers kept some crops and gave the rest to landowner, while living on their land - repaid after harvest Why: Provided landowners with dependent labor forces. Blacks felt more independent.
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2011 for the course HIST 2502 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Amer. His. Study Guide 2 - T he Dawes Act When: 1887 Where:...

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