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Unformatted text preview: November 5, 2010 • Beginnings of Great Depression o Most people expected the depression to t rigger a return to religion o Beginnings of anti Semitism • Prior to the 20 th Century, Christian denominations were busy being hateful to one another and forgot about other denominations o Came of age in the 1920s in U.S • Jews fled to the US from the USSR, 1922 • 1926, US changed immigration laws o In the first few years, there was a large Jewish influx o Many Americans were still under the influence of a red scare after WWI Thought Jews were really communist at heart Even though banking and stocks were heavily concentrated with Protestants, Jews were often associated with Wall Street • The Protacal of the Elders of Zion o Report about a Jewish group that met in Paris to plan for world domination o Henry Ford backed it up, but he only went back on it after being hit with a lawsuit • The KKK resurged • Jews responded by t rying to form a stronger religious identity separate from Christian America o Built yeshevi schools o Between WWI and WWII there’s a drastic increase in American Jews that support the Zionist movement 1905: The Jewish State was published • Proposed the idea of a “Jewish homeland” • I t really mean for politics, not a religious way By 1917, the British Minister, Alfred Balfour, wrote the Balfour Declaration • The British would support the building of a Jewish homeland in Palestine • By the end of WWI, there are about 200,000 Zionists in the U.S. • The stock crash in 1929, it pretty much crushed the fundraising hopes to go to Palestine • Mordecai Kaplan: Conservative Jew, talked about moving away from a Jewish state o Wanted to created more Jewish institution in the US o Help retain a sense of Jewish identity o Thought that American Jews could survive if they separated themselves as much as possible Anti Semitism peaked during the Great Depression • Father Charles Coughlin: Catholic priest o Had a radio program out of Detroit, MI o “Just about the biggest thing that ever happened to radio.” – Fortune magazine in the 1930s o 3 or 4 million adults listened weekly; had publications Social Justice reached 30 million people o Attacked som during the Great Depression Called to Congress to testify about som By 1934, attacked FDR for not remedying the depression • Blamed it on the International Banking Community; toyed with the value of gold • “Gold is the devil’s money”. Said the government could solve it if they would just print and circulate more money • In reality, that would have caused more inflation and not solved anything. o Gained credibility because the people in power knew he reached so many people weekly....
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