Biomolecules - [BIO MOLECULES] 1. Carbohydrates A...

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[BIO MOLECULES] 1. Carbohydrates A polyhydroxy adheyde or tetone (i.e.) glucose In simple form, have 4 to 7 carbons 6C’s = hexose (food sugars) 5C’s = pentoses (building block of DNA and RNA) Hexoses Single 6C hexoses = monosaccharide’s Glucose, Fructose, Galactose (2 monosaccharide’s can be joined by dehydration disaccharides) Sucrose, Maltose, Lactose Hexose Polymers (Involve Glucose Only) Polymer- giant chain of molecules (1000+) 2 Versions Starches- can be digested by animals Celluloses- from plant structure; cannot be digested by animals 2. Lipids Triple Esters 2 Components Glycerol, Fatty Acids 3. Amino Acids 20 Standard amino acids and R Group types Properties of amino acids are based on the R Groups 3 distinct categories of R Groups A Polar Charged ( +.--) Polar, but uncharged 4. Proteins Amino Acid Polymer (amino acids joined by bonds called peptide bonds) Structural Levels of Proteins: Primary Structure- amino acid sequence Secondary Structure- produced by intra-strand interactions between R Groups
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Biomolecules - [BIO MOLECULES] 1. Carbohydrates A...

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