Throughout history, the concept of perfection has had a multitude of definitions.
Civilizations have transformed these definitions into societal ideals that were then
emulated by their people.
The ideals of the Ancient Greeks included perfection which
can be defined as perfect balance, proportion, and mathematics and were represented in
their literature, sculptures and architecture.
In Pericles’ Funeral Oration (c. 490 BCE)
found in Thucydides’ The Peloponnesian War (431 BCE)
, Pericles alludes to the ideal of
, or balance in all things, in many aspects of Athenian life.
sculpture Doryphoros (c.450-440 BCE),
created by Polyclitus, shows the ideal of Greek
The floor plan of the Parthenon (c. 447 – 432 BCE)
, designed by
Ictinus and Callicrates with Phidias, illustrates the Greek ideal of mathematical perfection
represented by the Golden Mean.
These three works of art demonstrate the Ancient
Greek ideals of perfection in balance, proportion and mathematics.
is the Greek concept of balance among all things (Ewen, screens
This included a balance between the body and mind, civic and personal duties,
human and divine desires, among many others.
It was said that
, the Greek’s ideal human state of both excellence and well-
roundedness (Ewen, screen 23).
encompassed not only the lives of
individuals but the spirit of an entire city.
In Pericles’ Funeral Oration
, as recorded by
Thucydides in his work The Peloponnesian War
, a public speaker honors the fallen
warriors of the first battles of the Peloponnesian War by promoting the greatness of their
At many points in the speech, Pericles shows examples of how Athens
In paragraph 6, Pericles states: