Ancient Perfection

Ancient Perfection - Mujica 1 Ancient Perfection by Marco...

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Mujica 1 Ancient Perfection by Marco Mujica IDH 1110, Valencia Community College Professor Noy Sparks 30 October, 2006
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Mujica 2 Ancient Perfection Throughout history, the concept of perfection has had a multitude of definitions. Civilizations have transformed these definitions into societal ideals that were then emulated by their people. The ideals of the Ancient Greeks included perfection which can be defined as perfect balance, proportion, and mathematics and were represented in their literature, sculptures and architecture. In Pericles’ Funeral Oration (c. 490 BCE) , found in Thucydides’ The Peloponnesian War (431 BCE) , Pericles alludes to the ideal of kalokagathia , or balance in all things, in many aspects of Athenian life. The bronze sculpture Doryphoros (c.450-440 BCE), created by Polyclitus, shows the ideal of Greek proportional perfection. The floor plan of the Parthenon (c. 447 – 432 BCE) , designed by Ictinus and Callicrates with Phidias, illustrates the Greek ideal of mathematical perfection represented by the Golden Mean. These three works of art demonstrate the Ancient Greek ideals of perfection in balance, proportion and mathematics. Kalokagathia is the Greek concept of balance among all things (Ewen, screens 25-6). This included a balance between the body and mind, civic and personal duties, human and divine desires, among many others. It was said that kalokagathia was essential for arête , the Greek’s ideal human state of both excellence and well- roundedness (Ewen, screen 23). Kalokagathia encompassed not only the lives of individuals but the spirit of an entire city. In Pericles’ Funeral Oration , as recorded by Thucydides in his work The Peloponnesian War , a public speaker honors the fallen warriors of the first battles of the Peloponnesian War by promoting the greatness of their city, Athens. At many points in the speech, Pericles shows examples of how Athens embodies kalokagathia . In paragraph 6, Pericles states:
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Ancient Perfection - Mujica 1 Ancient Perfection by Marco...

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