The Great Realities

The Great Realities - The Great Realities by Marco Mujica...

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The Great Realities by Marco Mujica IDH 1110, Valencia Community College Professor Ed Frame 27 November, 2006
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Mujica 2 The Great Realities “What is real and how do we know?” As complicated a question as this is, it’s been pondered through the ages by scored of civilizations all over the world. Such a difficult, yet important, question has attracted philosophers that dedicated themselves to answering it. Heraclitus (ca. 470 B.C.E.) and Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E), two prominent ancient Greek philosophers, tried to answer what is real and how do we know. Through an analysis of Heraclitus’s Universal Flux and the Identity of Opposites and Aristotle’s Theory of Pluralism , we can build a theory of what they considered reality to be as well as some boundaries for their definitions. First, the Pre-Socratic philosopher Heraclitus will be discussed and then the Post-Socratic philosopher Aristotle. Heraclitus lived in Ephesus (in modern-day Turkey), which was close to Miletus, “the birthplace of philosophy” (Graham par. 2). Not much is known of his life. He is as mysterious as his works, which were written in aphorisms – “short, pity outbursts with puzzling messages that seem to dare the reader to make sense of them” (Palmer 27). We do know, however, that he believed the world could be defined by the senses, as long as those interpreting these senses were not “Barbarians” (those who did not speak Greek). His preference is evident in the following quote: “Thus while sense experience seems
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The Great Realities - The Great Realities by Marco Mujica...

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