Exam 1 material

Exam 1 material - o 3 Development can take many different...

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Iowa State University Psychology 230 Section 1 Lifespan Development The study of systematic changes in development mental and behavioral characteristics that occur between conception and death Always looking at change over time We study 2 aspects of these changes: o How persons change over time (description) o What factors produce these changes (explanation for changes) Before 1600: children viewed as miniature adults Modern view: children innocent, need protection Average life expectancy in 1900 was 47 years; in 2000 it was 77.5 o Females: white=80; black=76 o Male: white= 75; black=69 Increase population- age 65 and older 4 assumptions in a life-span perspective to Development o 1. Development is a life long process At all age periods significant changes take place o 2. Development is viewed in a historic context Normative age-graded influences (driving/ going to school) Normative history-graded influences (great depression/cell phones)
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Non normative influences- usual, rare (lottery/cancer)
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Unformatted text preview: o 3. Development can take many different directions At all periods we experience growth o 4. Development is multiply influences in a biopsychosocial framework 3 factors interact: • Biological factors • Psychological factors • Sociocultural factors A good example is over 100 years old o Centenarians: Life over 100 Assumption has been one of poor health and mental decline Research by Perls (1995) shows that those in 90’s and older: • Have lower rates of Alzheimers than younger population • Have lower rates of chronic disease than expected • More likely to die of short-term, acute illness • Are socially active o Biological factors Selective survival o Psychological factors More attentive to nutrition, not smoking, exercise More resilient to stress Cope well with grief o Social factors Work into their 90’s Keep full social life...
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2011 for the course PSYCH 230 taught by Professor Phillips during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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Exam 1 material - o 3 Development can take many different...

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