Chapter 1 and 2 - Medical Terminology Cynthia...

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Unformatted text preview: Medical Terminology Cynthia Clinkingbeard, MD Medical Terminology is a new language Words can be broken into parts Root Gastr oenter ology Suffix Gastroenteritis Prefix Sub gastric Combing vowel Gastro entero logy Combining form Gastro General Rules Read from back to front Pathology is the study of diseases Drop the combining vowel before adding a suffix that starts with a vowel: gastritis Keep the combining vowel between two roots: gastroenterology Roots Gastr- stomach Cardi- heart Derm- skin Electr- electricity Encephal-brain Hemat- blood Hepat- liver Pneumo- lung Suffixes algia- pain arthralgia- joint pain Ectomy- surgical removal appendectomy- removal of appendix Gram- make record of cardiogram EKG, make record of the heart Opsy- take sample of living tissue biopsy pathy - desease of glands adenopathy Scopy- look within endoscopy Cyte- white blood cell leukocyte Prefixes A A nemia Auto Auto immune Endo Endo crine Epi Epi gastric Hyper Hyper thyroid Hypo Hypo glycemic Retro Retro cardiac Without- without blood Self- immune system against self Within- to secrete within Outside- above the stomach Too much- too much thyroid Too low- low blood sugar Behind- behind the heart Combining forms Adeno- lymph glands Arthro- joints Carcino- cancer Cerebro- brain Cysto- urinary bladder Entero- intestines Erythro- red Many suffixes can be combined with many roots: Gastritis- inflam of stomach Myocarditis inflam of muscle of heart...
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2011 for the course HEALTH SCI HLTHST101 taught by Professor Dr.cynthiaclinkingbeard during the Fall '11 term at Boise State.

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Chapter 1 and 2 - Medical Terminology Cynthia...

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