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01.21.Hallman.Overvi - Overview of the Food System William K Hallman Ph.D Director Food Policy Institute New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station

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Overview of the Food System William K. Hallman, Ph.D. Director Food Policy Institute New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
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Food Policy Ins-tute Overview of the Food System Visualizing an acre • Originally, an acre was thought to be the amount of land that could be plowed with an ox in one day.
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Food Policy Ins-tute Overview of the Food System Visualizing an acre
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Food Policy Ins-tute Overview of the Food System Visualizing an acre The regulation width of an NCAA Football field: 160 feet The regulation length of an NCAA Football field: 360 feet (100 yards + 10 yards for each end zone = 120 yards) http://www.sportsknowhow.com/football/field-dimensions/ncaa-football-field-dimensions.html Image: http://collaborativewritingpractices.blogspot.com/2008/02/week-3-8x8-prototypes-and-rutgers.html
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Food Policy Ins-tute Overview of the Food System Visualizing an acre One acre would extend from the beginning of one end zone to ~ the 9 yard line at the other end. The entire field (including the end zones) is ~1.32 acres
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Food Policy Ins-tute Overview of the Food System Total Land Area of the United States 2.264 billion acres 61% of these are privately owned 28% is owned by the Federal Government (mostly in the West) 9% is owned by State and Local Governments 2% is owned by Native American tribal authorities http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/EIB14/eib14j.pdf
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Food Policy Ins-tute Overview of the Food System Breakdown of Land Use in America 1 Cropland : 442 million acres, 20% Grassland, Pasture, Range : 587 million acres, 26% Forest : 651 million acres, 29% Special uses (roadways, railroad, parks, recreation areas): 297 million acres, 13% Miscellaneous (rural residential, marshes, open swamps, desert, tundra): 228 million acres, 10% Urban: 60 million acres, 3% 1. Lubowski, Ruben, et. al. "Major Uses of Land in the United States, 2002." Economic Research Service . May 2006. USDA, Web. 26 Jan 2010. <http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/EIB14/eib14.pdf>. Cropland Grassland, Pasture, Range Forest Special Uses Miscellaneous Urban
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Food Policy Ins-tute Overview of the Food System US Population Trends • US population in 1910: – 92,228,496 • Percent living in rural areas: – 54.4% (50,172,301people) • Percent involved in farming or ranching: – ~ 31% (~ 32,077,000 people) • Number of farms: 6,366,000 – Average size: 138 acres
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Food Policy Ins-tute Overview of the Food System US Population Trends • US population in 2010: – 308,587,287 • Percent living in rural areas: – ~17% (~5,245,00) • Percent involved in farming or ranching: – ~1.5% (~ 4,600,000) • Number of farms: ~2,200,000 – Average size: 481acres
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Food Policy Ins-tute Overview of the Food System What’s a bushel anyway? • A bushel is a dry volume measure of varying weight for grain, fruit, etc., equal to four pecks or 8 dry gallons (9.3 liquid gallons). – A bushel of wheat, soybeans, and white potatoes each weighs 60 pounds.
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 252 taught by Professor Egan during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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01.21.Hallman.Overvi - Overview of the Food System William K Hallman Ph.D Director Food Policy Institute New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station

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