02.09.gallistel+slides

02.09.gallistel+slides - Animal Cognition and Interspecific...

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Animal Cognition and Interspecific Ethics
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Are Non-Human Animals Conscious • Who knows! • There is no agreed upon non-verbal behavioral indicator of consciousness • Nor any coherent story about the behavioral function of consciousness: what can an animal that is conscious do that an animal who isn’t cannot do?
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Do they experience pain • Yes – They show similar behavioral reactions – They remember past painful experiences and avoid them as best they can • Is there experience of pain different from ours?--who knows • Analogous to the question whether your experience of red is the same as my experience of red--the problem of qualia
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Interactionist mind-body dualism Much of what we do and all of what some (at least “lower”) animals do can be explained as the workings of a material machine But the higher aspects of our behavior, such as writing philosophical papers or considering the foundations of the moral order, requires the immaterial soul: “I think therefore I am.” where the I refers to our conscious, thinking immaterial soul. Achilles heel:
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 252 taught by Professor Egan during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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02.09.gallistel+slides - Animal Cognition and Interspecific...

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