02.23.moral+theory+2.pre-class

02.23.moral+theory+2.pre-class - E ATING RIGHT: THE ETHICS...

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EATING RIGHT: THE ETHICS OF FOOD CHOICES AND FOOD POLICY February 23, 2011 Moral Theory, Part 2
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Plan for Today: Admin stuff Consequentialism & Non- consequentialism recap A little bit of application Moral terms and concepts Closer look at the arguments against consequentialism Closer look at non- consequentialism
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Admin Stuff: Posters Presentations start March 2. Your poster doesn’t have to be this enormous or have quite such high production values. Remember the idea is to research the empirical facts about something (some pair of things) that might be relevant to making a decision about the ethics of some food choice(s).
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Admin Stuff: Short Assignments New short assignment (presenting an objection to an argument) due Friday, 2/25. Point out: Idea behind these is writing the bits of a paper before you have to string them together.
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Micro-Quiz
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If I had to pick a moral theory now, it would be: A) Utilitarianism B) Some other kind of consequentialism C) Some non-consequentialist view (All answers are counted as correct.) Happily, you don’t have to pick one once and for all now - free to revise your views about this. 2 minutes to convince your neighbor
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C ONSEQUENTIALISM : You are required to perform an act iff of the options available to you, it brings about the best state of affairs. You are permitted to perform any act that is at least in a tie for producing the best state of affairs. Consequentialism/utilitarianism recap.
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U TILITARIANISM : You are required to perform an act iff of the options available to you, it brings about the most happiness. You are permitted to perform any act that is at least in a tie for producing the most happiness.
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Consequentialism: You’re required to perform the action that has the best consequences (produces the best state of affairs). Hedonism: What makes a state of affairs better is increased (general) happiness. Utilitarianism: Consequentialism (as a theory of right action) + Hedonism (as a theory of the good) (This statement of consequentialism ignores the possibility of ties.)
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Possible Terminological Confusions: ‘Hedonism’ here doesn’t mean what it often means in ordinary contemporary speech - appx, a focus on ones’ own short-term pleasure (of not-very-fancy kinds).
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Possible Terminological Confusions: ‘Utilitarian’ doesn’t mean what it sometimes means in ordinary contemporary speech - appx, narrowly focused on a certain range of practical purposes.
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What’s Attractive about Utilitarianism? 1.Impartiality 2.Explanatory power 3.Plausibility of consequentialism: how can it be permissible to do what is worse ? 4.Plausibility of hedonism: Surely
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02.23.moral+theory+2.pre-class - E ATING RIGHT: THE ETHICS...

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