252.final+exam+questions.handout.2011.04.21 - Philosophy...

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Unformatted text preview: Philosophy 252: Eating Right, the Ethics of Food Choices and Food Policy Final Exam Information The final exam is optional. See the information on how grades are computed for how it figures in to your grade. The exam will happen on Tuesday, May 10, 4 7pm, in our usual lecture hall (Scott 135). The final will ask you to choose four or five out of a list of six or eight questions to answer. At least four of the questions will be from the following list: 1. Here is an argument for veganism: 1) It's impermissible to cause harm to sentient creatures without a good enough reason. 2) Eating any sort of animal product causes harm to sentient creatures without a good enough reason._______________________________________________ 3) It's impermissible to eat any sort of animal product. Here is an objection to the above argument: Premise (2) is false, because what actually causes harm to the animals is the *production* of the animal products. *Eating* the animal products, once they're already in the store, or the pantry, or the cafeteria line, isn't causing the animal any further harm. What's the best way for the advocate of the original argument to respond to this objection? Does it succeed? Make sure that you:  ­ State the response as clearly as possible.  ­ Say why the response, if successful, would save the argument from the objection.  ­ Say whether you think that the response succeeds or not. 2. Present what you take to be the best argument for vegetarianism. Does it succeed? Why or why not? 3. R.M. Hare argues for what he calls demi vegetarianism. What is demi ­vegetarianism? Why does Hare endorse it? Is he correct? Why or why not? 4. Suppose that you’re a small organic producer. You’re growing really high ­quality produce on a small farm, run by yourself and your family, to very exacting standards. You’re approached by a big agribusiness firm, who wants to buy a large stake in your company and ramp up production a lot. In order to produce as much as they want to produce, you’ll have to compromise a bit – you’ll need to use production methods that are a bit less environmentally friendly, your quality will probably drop a bit, etc. What should you do? Why? (If what you should do depends on features of the case that haven’t been specified, what are those features, and how and why does what you should do depend on them?) 5. Suppose you had control of US food & agriculture policy. What changes (if any) would you make, and why? (Focus on the one, or maybe two, changes that you take to be the most important, if there are a lot that you’d make…) 6. When Singer says “all animals are equal”, what does he mean, exactly? Is he right? Why or why not? ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 252 taught by Professor Egan during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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