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Chap 6 Outline - Chapter 6 - A tour of the cell. Objectives...

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Chapter 6 - A tour of the cell.Objectives1.Compare the light microscope, transmission electron microscope, and scanning electron microscope.2.Describe the major steps of cell fractionation and explain why it is a useful technique.3.Distinguish between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.4.Explain why there are limits to cell size.5.Explain the advantages of compartmentalization in eukaryotic cells.6.Describe the structure and function of the nuclear envelope.7.Describe the structure and function of a ribosome.8.List the components of the endomembrane system and describe the structure and functions of eachcomponent.9.Compare the structure and functions of smooth and rough ER.10.Explain the significance of the cis and trans sides of the Golgi apparatus.11.Describe examples of intracellular digestion by lysosomes.12.Name three different kinds of vacuoles, giving the function of each kind.13.Describe the structure of a mitochondrion.14.Distinguish among amyloplasts, chromoplasts, and chloroplasts.15.Describe the evidence that mitochondria and chloroplasts are semiautonomous organelles.16.Explain the roles of peroxisomes in eukaryotic cells.17.Describe the functions of the cytoskeleton.18.Compare the structure, and functions of microtubules, microfilaments, and intermediate filaments.19.Describe the basic structure of a plant cell wall.20.Describe the structure and functions of the extracellular matrix in animal cells.21.Name the intercellular junctions found in plant and animal cells and list the function of each.Key Termscell fractionationcentral vacuolecentriolecentrosomechloroplastchromoplastchromatinchromosomeciliacontractile vacuolecytoplasmcytoplasmic streamingcytoskeletoncytosoldesmosomeelectron microscope (EM)endomembrane systemendoplasmic reticulumeukaryotic cellextracellular matrix (ECM)flagellumfood vacuolegap junctionGolgi apparatusintermediate filamentleucoplastlight microscope (LM)lysosomemicrofilamentmicrotubulemiddle lamellamitochondrionnuclear envelopenucleoidnucleoid regionnucleolusnucleusorganelleperoxisomephagocytosisplasma membraneplasmodesmaplastidprimary cell wallprokaryotic cellribosomal RNA (rRNA)ribosomerough ERscanning electron microscope (SEM)secondary cell wallsmooth ERtransmission electron microscope (TEM)tight junctionvacuoleOutlineCell TheoryThe curiosity of numerous early scientists has lead to advances in technology.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Morgan

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