Chap 6 Outline - Chapter 6 - A tour of the cell. Objectives...

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Chapter 6 - A tour of the cell. Objectives 1. Compare the light microscope, transmission electron microscope, and scanning electron microscope. 2. Describe the major steps of cell fractionation and explain why it is a useful technique. 3. Distinguish between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. 4. Explain why there are limits to cell size. 5. Explain the advantages of compartmentalization in eukaryotic cells. 6. Describe the structure and function of the nuclear envelope. 7. Describe the structure and function of a ribosome. 8. List the components of the endomembrane system and describe the structure and functions of each component. 9. Compare the structure and functions of smooth and rough ER. 10. Explain the significance of the cis and trans sides of the Golgi apparatus. 11. Describe examples of intracellular digestion by lysosomes. 12. Name three different kinds of vacuoles, giving the function of each kind. 13. Describe the structure of a mitochondrion. 14. Distinguish among amyloplasts, chromoplasts, and chloroplasts. 15. Describe the evidence that mitochondria and chloroplasts are semiautonomous organelles. 16. Explain the roles of peroxisomes in eukaryotic cells. 17. Describe the functions of the cytoskeleton. 18. Compare the structure, and functions of microtubules, microfilaments, and intermediate filaments. 19. Describe the basic structure of a plant cell wall. 20. Describe the structure and functions of the extracellular matrix in animal cells. 21. Name the intercellular junctions found in plant and animal cells and list the function of each. Key Terms cell fractionation central vacuole centriole centrosome chloroplast chromoplast chromatin chromosome cilia contractile vacuole cytoplasm cytoplasmic streaming cytoskeleton cytosol desmosome electron microscope (EM) endomembrane system endoplasmic reticulum eukaryotic cell extracellular matrix (ECM) flagellum food vacuole gap junction Golgi apparatus intermediate filament leucoplast light microscope (LM) lysosome microfilament microtubule middle lamella mitochondrion nuclear envelope nucleoid nucleoid region nucleolus nucleus organelle peroxisome phagocytosis plasma membrane plasmodesma plastid primary cell wall prokaryotic cell ribosomal RNA (rRNA) ribosome rough ER scanning electron microscope (SEM) secondary cell wall smooth ER transmission electron microscope (TEM) tight junction vacuole Outline Cell Theory The curiosity of numerous early scientists has lead to advances in technology. 1.
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Chap 6 Outline - Chapter 6 - A tour of the cell. Objectives...

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