io_history_SPRING_2011

io_history_SPRING_2011 - History of I/O Psychology...

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History of I/O Psychology
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Pre-History Revised schedule I/O History today NO VIRTUAL CLASS ) Office Space assignment due 2/15 WSJ 100 or so years of I/O Psychology in < 90 minutes
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WSJ How to Navigate a Business Meal (1/27/11) LINK: http://blogs.wsj.com/juggle/2011/01/27/how-to-navigate-a-business-meal/ Employers Tread a Minefield: Firings for Alleged Social-Media Infractions Sometimes Backfire on Companies (1/21/11) http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703954004576089850685724570.html?mod=WSJ_Careers_CareerJournal_4 Decline Found in Freshmen's Mental Health (1/27/11) Some 52% of first-year college students rated their emotional health as above average or in the highest 10% in the survey taken last fall. That's down from 55.3% in the year-earlier survey, and well below the nearly 64% of respondents who gave themselves high ratings in 1985, the first year students were asked about their emotional health. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704062604576106393621066786.html?mod=ITP_personaljournal_1
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History of I/O Psychology “I/O psychology is a uniquely American invention.” Grew up w/ American Psychology Fin de siecle challenges Industry changes Diversity Population changes Manufacturing the employee Lasting influences
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Distal Precursors Aristotle, Politics specialization of labor, delegation of authority, departmentalization, decentralization, and leadership selection Arsenal @ Venice Cost accounting, assembly line wine breaks Medieval European guilds Machiavelli (in The Prince, 1527) practical advice for developing authoritarian structures within organizations Thomas Hobbes (1651) advocated strong centralized leadership as a means for bringing "order to the chaos created by man". He provided a justification for autocratic rule that helped establish the pattern for organizations through the nineteenth century John Locke (1690) advocates participatory management in his argument that leadership is granted by the governed Adam Smith (1776), in The Wealth of Nations use of centralization of labor and equipment in factories, division of specialized labor, and management of specialization in factories
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Proximal Precursors Genetics Galton Statistics Pearson Experimental psychology German psychological laboratories Wundt, Fechner Industrial revolution Mechanization Population shifts
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Setting the Context Development of American Psychology: From Moral Philosophy to Experimental Science 1880s American Psychological Association (APA) formed 1 st experimental psychology lab - Johns Hopkins U 1 st Professor of psychology – U Penn 1890s William James - Principles of Psychology Cattell - Thorndike’s experiments – law of effect 1900s Pavlov’s works translated into English Freud lectures at Clark University g factor theory of intelligence 1910s Journal of Experimental Psychology published
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 2601 taught by Professor Peterjames during the Spring '11 term at Temple.

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io_history_SPRING_2011 - History of I/O Psychology...

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