legal_io_SPRING_2010

legal_io_SPRING_2010 - I/OPsychology&theLaw Click to...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style I/O Psychology & the  Law
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On the Docket Today: Hear ye! Hear ye! Ice Age Adjustments Important history lesson WSJ Today’s cases: Constitution/Civil Rights Act Employment Discrimination Affirmative Action Harassment ADA
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Ice Age Adjustments l Revised schedule I/O History attempted on Tuesday I/O & the Law Thursday- Today ( NO VIRTUAL CLASS ) Office Space assignment due 2/15
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Hawthorne Studies – Common (but wrong) Account l 1924 series of experiments began at the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company Researchers from Harvard University (who were not psychologists) were attempting to study the relation between lighting and efficiency Increased lighting resulted in increased efficiency, but to their surprise, efficiency continued to improve as the lighting dimmed to faint moonlight levels These seemingly "bizarre" results were eventually explained in terms of previously unrecognized aspects of human behavior in the workplace l Researchers hypothesized that these results were due to the employee's desire to please them They were flattered at having distinguished investigators from Harvard study them and were trying to impress them, which caused them to be more productive Quite some time later the employees got used to the researchers' presence and began returning to their original levels of productivity l The Hawthorne Effect -- change in behavior following the onset of a novel treatment (new or increased attention, most commonly) Effect eventually wears off (behavior returns to original) as the "novelty" dissipates
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What Happened @ Hawthorne? l Relay Assembly Room Feedback & reinforcement l Mica Splitting Test Room Experiment Piece rate pay & rest breaks l Bank Wiring Room Observation Study Peer norms & punishment l Why the misinterpretation? Political Bias
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WSJ l When Negativity Infects Your Office (1/21/11) http://blogs.wsj.com/juggle/2011/01/31/when-negativity-infects-your-office/ l Avoiding the Road to PowerPoint Hell (1/22/11) http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703954004576090053995594270.html?mod=WSJ_PersonalTechnology_LEFTTop
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Understanding the US Legal System & Employment Law
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Dynamic Tension l Free Enterprise Organizations have the right (and often legal mandate) to pursue high performance. Employment decisions l Social Justice Individuals have the right (and often obligation) to pursue their individual economic interests Employment choice l Rule of Law The government has the right (and obligation) enact laws and to ensure that citizens are treated according to law Employment law
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Judicial Pecking Order l U.S. Constitution 5th Amendment (federal government) 14th Amendment (state & local governments) l Federal Laws (CRA, ADA, ADEA, FMLA, EPA) l Executive orders (Executive Order 11246 – Federal Contractors) l Federal case law (interprets Constitution and federal laws) U.S. Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal (12 circuits) U.S. District Courts l Federal administrative guidelines EEOC OFCCP
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 2601 taught by Professor Peterjames during the Spring '11 term at Temple.

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