3620_Chapter_1 - Chapter1 WhatarePsychological Tests?

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Chapter 1 What are Psychological  Tests? Psychological_Testing_Ch_1 1
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Learning Objectives After completing your study of this chapter, you should be able to do the following: Define what a psychological test is and understand that psychological tests extend beyond personality and intelligence tests. Trace the history of psychological testing from Alfred Binet and intelligence testing to the tests of today. Describe the ways psychological tests can be similar to and different from one another. Describe the three characteristics that are common to all psychological tests and understand that psychological tests can demonstrate these characteristics to various degrees. Psychological_Testing_Ch_1 2
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Learning Objectives Describe the assumptions we must make when using psychological tests. Describe the different ways we can classify psychological tests. Describe the differences among four commonly used terms that students often get confused: psychological assessment , psychological tests , measurement , and surveys . Identify and locate printed and online resources that are available for locating info about psychological tests. Psychological_Testing_Ch_1 3
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Why should you care about psychological testing? Results personally impact individuals Good tests facilitate high quality decisions Consequences of bad decisions can be significant Test results may personally impact you Psychological_Testing_Ch_1 4
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Figure 1.1: A Continuum of Psychological Tests 5
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What are psychological tests? Psychological_Testing_Ch_1 6 Similarities among psychological tests Require that you perform a behavior Behavior measures some personal attribute , trait , or characteristic thought to be important in describing or understanding behavior Behavior is also sometimes used to make a prediction about some outcome
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What are psychological tests? Psychological_Testing_Ch_1 7 Differences among tests Behavior performed Attribute measured…outcome predicted Content Format Scoring interpretation Psychometric quality (e.g., validity, reliability – measure what they say they measure and do so consistently )
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What are psychological tests? So, what exactly is a psychological test? 8 A psychological test is something that requires you perform a behavior thought to measure a personal attribute , trait, or characteristic or predict an outcome
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Table 1.1: Guidelines for critiquing a psychological test Guidelines for critiquing a psychological test General descriptive information What is the title of the test? Who is the author of the test? Who publishes the test and when was it published ? How long does it take to administer the test? How much does it cost to purchase the test?
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3620_Chapter_1 - Chapter1 WhatarePsychological Tests?

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