AAS The Social Determinants of Health

AAS The Social Determinants of Health - The Social...

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The Social Determinants of Health excerpted from Wilkinson & Marmot, 2003
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The Social Gradient Life expectancy is shorter and most diseases are more common further down the social ladder in each society. Poor social and economic circumstances affect health throughout life. The effects aren’t confined to just the poor. The social gradient in health runs right across society, so that even among middle-class office workers, lower ranking staff suffer much more disease and earlier death than higher ranking staff.
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Stress Stressful circumstances make people feel worried, anxious and unable to cope, are damaging to health and may lead to premature death. Social and psychological circumstances can cause long-term stress. Continuing anxiety, insecurity, low self-esteem, social isolation and lack of control over work and home life, have powerful effects on health. Such psychosocial risks accumulate during life and increase the chances of poor mental health and premature death. Long periods of anxiety and insecurity and the lack of supportive friendships are damaging in whatever area of life they arise. Such psychosocial risks accumulate during life and increase the chances of poor mental health and premature death. Long periods of anxiety and insecurity and the lack of supportive friendshipsare damaging in whatever area of life they arise
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Early Life A good start in life means supporting mothers and young children. The health impact of early development and education lasts a lifetime. The foundations of adult health are laid in early childhood and before birth. Slow growth and poor emotional support raise the lifetime risk of poor physical health and reduce physical, cognitive and emotional functioning in adulthood.
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Social Exclusion Life is short where its quality is poor. Hardship,
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2011 for the course HISTORY 101 taught by Professor Hives during the Fall '07 term at Temple.

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AAS The Social Determinants of Health - The Social...

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