Stages of racial Identity development

Stages of racial Identity development -...

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FOR DISCUSSION WITH BEVERLY DANIEL TATUM’S  WHY ARE ALL THE BLACK KIDS SITTING  TOGETHER IN THE CAFETERIA? STAGES OF RACIAL IDENTITY  DEVELOPMENT
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BLACK IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT Taken from William Cross’ theory of “Nigrescence” or the “process of  becoming Black” Five Developmental Stages 1. Pre-encounter  – the internalization of stereotypes and negative  images as a result of being socialized in a European culture.   1. Encounter  – brought on by an event(s) that force a young person,  usually during adolescence or early adulthood, to acknowledge the  personal effect of racism.  Example: “the birthday party effect,” “ability  grouping,” and devaluing messages form the media. 
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BLACK IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT 1. Immersion  – often in response to the racial  encounter, a  person absorbs him/herself into all  characteristics and  features associated with being Black.  There may be total  social exclusion from interaction with other races. 1. Emersion  – the person finds behaviors, characteristics and  features that they may want to take on from another race.  The person starts to feel more comfortable with members of  other races and builds relationships with them. 1. Internalization  – being comfortable with one’s own race as  well as being around other races.
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BLACK IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT Oppositional Identity A coping mechanism during the immersion stage. The “Black table” in school cafeteria becomes a coping 
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2011 for the course HISTORY 101 taught by Professor Hives during the Fall '07 term at Temple.

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Stages of racial Identity development -...

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