EarlyGreekHistory - Early Greek History Minoan Civilization...

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Early Greek History 2/1/10
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Minoan Civilization. 2000-1400 BC Centered on the island of Crete
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Bronze Age Crete: Minoans What was known about the Minoans prior 1900? Legend of Theseus and Minoaur Thucydides on Minos’ thalassocracy Plato on Minos as wise counselor Knossos inhabited into Classical Era
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Bronze Age Crete: Minoans Sir Arthur Evans (1851-1941) “Discoverer” of the Minoan Culture
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Bronze Age Crete: Minoans What CAN we say about the Minoans? How can we read the evidence? Economy Local: Redistributive Import: Raw material (bronze, lapis lazuli), linen, luxury items Export: Wool, olive oil, timber, luxury items (swords, jewelry) Record Keeping Pictographic/Hieroglyphic writing (2000-1700) Linear A script (after 1700) Linear B (Mycenaean Greek) script (after 1450)
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Centralized Control over Crete? Plan of Knossos (left) compared to plans of Mallia, Phaistos and Kata Zakro (below)
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Hypothetical reconstruction of the palace at Knossos (c. 1575)
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Bronze Age Crete: Minoans Faience Figurines: Snake-goddesses or snake-priestesses? Potnia Theron ?
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